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Full text of "Reports, letters & papers appertaining to 20th Mass. Vol. Inf"

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16 



OSTON DAILY ADVERTISER 

Established 1813. 



BOSTON HERALD 



TUESDAY MOB a t . 5, 1893. 




Til H LATE COIi. W. R LEE. 

His Erief but Distinguished Military Career— 
His Suffeiing'3 in a Southern Prison. 
Col, W. R. Lee, whose death on the 26th 
of December last we recorded at the time, 
belonged, to the Marblehead or revol ■ 
ary Lees. His grandfather, whose name ho 
bore, .was, in the revolutionary war, tho 
colonel of a Marblehead regiment, 
him Col. Lee derived his right io member- 
ship in the Cincinnati. Another ancestor, 
Jeremiah Lee, was prominent in many 
ways in the revolutionary struggle. 

William Raymond Lei; was horn in 1807. 
He was educated at West Point, where he 
was a member of the class of 1829. He re- 
mained there for nearly the prescribed 
term, but left before receiving his 
mission. He followed the calling of a civil 
engineer, and was for many years tho 
| superintendent of the Boston &; Providence 
; R.R. 

On the breaking out of the Civil War, Lee 
I promptly offered his services to <)<>v. 
; Andrew. He had never been in the army, 
but ho had a military education; and 
although he was far beyond the usual age 
j for active duty in the field, he gallantly 
: took his place as colonel of a regiment. 
This regiment, the Twentieth Mas 
setts, was his creation. Ho selected the 
field and staff officers, and most of those of 
the line. Ho gave it its standard of mili- 
tary duty. He inspired his command with 
his own high spirit of devotion and stead- 
fastness. Well did the regiment repay him 
by its magnificent behavior on many a 
i bloody field. 

Col. Lee was taken prisoner at the un- 
I fortunate affair of Rail's Bluff, and w 
of the hostages selected by the Confedi 
government to receive the treatment which 
was awarded to Confederate privateers by 
the mistaken policy pursued by federal 
authorities at the outset of the war. 
sufferings were severe, and for a time even 
endangered his life. .Fortunately this ex- 
ceptional treatment did not last long, and 
early in 1802 ho was < _•• 
He led his regiment throi 

out the peninsular campaign; he 
was at Yorktown, Fair Oaks, Savage's 
Station, Glendale and Malvern Hill. Then 
the Army of the Potomac was removed 
from the peninsula. In the bloody . 
of Antietarn the regiment, still under Lee, 
suffered heavy loss, but fully sustained its 
reputation. But the strain of field service 
proved too much for its commanding officer. 
Few men at the age of 55 can long continue 
to bear the hardships and labors insepa- 
rable from active service in the iine. After 
a vain struggle with increasing infirmity, 
Col. Lee was obliged to resign. 

His military life had been brief but dis- 
tinguished. It was also eminently useful. 
His spirit of unreserved devotion to the 
cause, his noble example in bravely and 
uncomplainimrly enduring all the hardships 
of a soldier's life, his strict, high stan 
of military honor and duty inspired his" 
| regiment with the like high principles and 
| sentiments; while his great kindliness of 
heart, his unselfishness and his uniform 
i considerateness for the rights and feelings 
of his officers and men had made him be- 
1 loved and respected by his entire command. 
j For his gallant and meritorious services he 
j received the brevet rank of brigadier- 
general of volunteers. 
After the war he lived in comparative re- 
; tirement. His infirmities increased : he was 
not able to play any part in active life. But 
he was not forgotten. His neighbors a ad 
friends continued to seek his counsel. The 
officers of his old regiment sought him out, 
and on every fitting occasion evinced the 
regard and honor in which they held him. 
It was a touching sight to see at his 
funeral some 50 of the enlisted 
men of the Twentieth, veterans of 
Ball's Bluff, Antietarn, Fredericksburg, 
Gettysburg and the Wilderness, mustering, 
■with their badges of mourning, to pay to 
him the last tribute of respect and afflic- 
tion. .But not only will his memory be 
cherished by those who knew him ; his 
place among the Massachusetts colonels 
wii I always'' ho a high one. The service ho 
rendered m the Slate in the crisis of the 
Civil War Will always bo fully and grate- 



PUBLISHED EVERY DAY IN THE 
VOL. XCL, NO. 6. 



_,JJ. 



wr.»XKs».\Y, ja.xca.bt «. isos. 



TRIBUTE BY THE "TWENTIETH." 



BeRlmc-ulal Veteran Association 
Resolutions on tlie Late Col. I. pp. 

The Veteran Association of the 80th Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteers has adopted and sent 
to the family of its first colc.iel. lirev. Briff.- 
Gen. W. Raymond Lee. the following reso- 
lutions: 

The mirvivors of the '-lOih Massachusetts repiment 
rirglre to cxpreM to the family of their former 
colonel, William Raymond Lee, the lore an I rsner- 
atlon which every man oi the 20th felt lor him Iroin 
the moment when he came under inn command. 

His appointment the beginning of 

the war put the breath of life into the regiment. He 
took to himself Palfrey and Pan! Severe, and those 
three brought iti Baruett and Johr Pntman, and 
Tremlett, ajid Kacy, and Abbott, and so many more 
whom we ail remember, an. I together they nliaped 

the body In the form It wan to keep. 

At Bui's I'.but the reMment'i experience began. 
Its training continued at yorktown, at fair <^ak», at 
Glendale ami the other battles o! the ^venders on 
the I'emnsiila-at Antietarn. 80 thai when it reached 
yrederlcksbilffr, alreadv • 1 corps, and 

the colonel'-. pare 

way under the 1 rhausUon ol the 

Other* bad contributed knowledge of tadics, 
know ledge ••) th.' world, 1 avery, and a 

rtoble feeling Ol duty ] 1ml th<- old .11 the 

regiment lu ' 

Be was tin example ..t careless, generaa gal- 
lantry. His "Fan • I us more 
than trumpets. Prom hint, too. the rest learned to 
tie silent when tbek Plie 20lh in Its 
day was what a ifreal regimen) should he. It was In 
lue Enlckeol pat t of all I ol the 
Army ol the Potomac, it wu known to ail 

moldlera and to not man-, other-. 

Now, f or a quarter ol a ce u l uij it has ceased to 
and thai it . . by a 

lew pray haired men. \\ 

would not b 1 '.w.ii Id hare 

asked no othi himself. It is enough one's 

self to mnsmber g bare telt the pas- 

sion of III., to Its top, to QS the 

Using Who shared the incommunicable 

experience m 

rol. I.ee might hi ', also, that he had 

■clilch, 
hut for hun, they never would h. ■ 
Boston, Dec. -lb 1 

is regiment, 
oi ivi.n \\ i 1.1 ! 1 Uouoa. J*. 

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WILLIAM RAYMOND LEE. 

Colonel William Raymond Lee, whose death on the 26th 
of December, 1891, attracted considerable attention at the time, 
belonged to the Marblehead or Revolutionary Lees. His grand- 
father, whose name he bore, was in the Revolutionary War the 
colonel of a Marblehead regiment. From him Colonel Lee derived 
his right to membership in the Cincinnati. Another ancestor, 
Jeremiah Lee, was prominent in many ways in the Revolutionary 
struggle. 

William Raymond Lee was born in 1807. He was educated at 
AVest Point, where he was a member of the class of 1829. He 



28 















. 








. 

















29 



WILLIAM RAYMOND LEE. 



347 



remained there for nearly the prescribed term, but left before 
receiving his commission. He followed the calling of a civil 
engineer, and was for many years the Superintendent of the 
Boston and Providence Eailroad. 

On the .breaking out of the Civil War, Lee promptly offered 
his services to Governor Andrew. He had never been in the 
army, but he had had a military education ; and although he 
was far beyond the usual age for active duty in the field, he gal- 
lantly took his place as colonel of a regiment. This regiment, 
the Twentieth Massachusetts, was his creation. He selected the 
field and staff officers, and most of those of the line. He gave it 
its standard of military duty. He inspired his command with 
his own high spirit of devotion and steadfastness. Well did the 
regiment repay him by its magnificent behavior on many a 
bloody field. 

Colonel Lee was taken prisoner at the unfortunate affair of 
Ball's Bluff, and was one of the hostages selected by the Con- 
federate government to receive the treatment which was awarded 
to Confederate privateersmen by the mistaken policy pursued by 
Federal authorities at the outset of the war. His sufferings were 
severe, and for a time even endangered his life. Fortunately, 
this exceptional treatment did not last long, and early in 1862 he 
was exchanged. He led his regiment throughout the Peninsular 
campaign; he was at Yorktown, Fair Oaks, Savage's Station, 
Glendale, and Malvern Hill. Then the Army of the Potomac 
was removed from the Peninsula. In the bloody battle of 
Antietam, the regiment, still under Lee, suffered heavy loss, but 
fully sustained its reputation. But the strain of field service 
proved too much for its commanding officer. Few men at the 
age of fifty-five can long continue to bear the hardships and 
labors inseparable from active service in the line. After a 
vain struggle with increasing infirmity, Colonel Lee was obliged 
to resign. 

His military life was brief, but distinguished. It was also 
eminently useful. His spirit of unreserved devotion to the cause, 
his noble example in bravely and uncomplainingly enduring all 
the hardships of a soldier's life, his strict, high standard of mili- 
tary honor and duty, inspired his regiment with the like high 
principles and sentiments ; while his great kindliness of heart, 
his unselfishness, and his uniform considerateness for the rights 
and feelings of his officers and men made him beloved and° re- 



30 



31 




348 



spected by his entire command. For his gallant and meritorious 
services he received the brevet rank of Brigadier General of Vol- 
unteers. 

After the war he lived in comparative retirement. His 
infirmities increased ; he was not able to play any part in active 
life. But he was not forgotten. His neighbors and friends con- 
tinued to seek his counsel. The officers of his old regiment 
sought him out, and on every fitting occasion evinced the regard 
and honor in which they held him. It was a touching sight to 
see at his funeral some fifty or more of the enlisted men of the 
Twentieth, veterans of Ball's Bluff, Antietam, Fredericksburg, 
Gettysburg, and the Wilderness, mustering, with their badges of 
mourning, to pay to their gallant leader the last tribute of respect 
and affection. But not only will his memory be cherished by 
those who knew him ; his place among the Massachusetts colonels 
will always be a high one. The service he rendered to the State 
in the crisis of the Civil War will always be fully and grate- 
fully remembered. 

Colonel Lee was married in 1842 to Helen Maria Amory, 
daughter of the late Thomas Amory, Esq., of Boxbury. She sur- 
vived him about two years. His eldest son, Arthur Tracy Lee, 
was educated at West Point, and died in 1870, a Lieutenant in the 
Fifth Artillery. Another son, Robert Ives Lee, and a daughter, 
Elizabeth Amory, the wife of Colonel 0. H. Ernst of the Army, 
survive him. 

1893. John C. Bopes. 




32 



— 



Joy St re i , oston, 
Feb. 3, 1894. 



' >e s \ 

resent ly upon a request of yours for a 
f . Abbott's letter to my father about Sumner's death. 

I canno J rerr sue] 1 a coy,; - was sent to you or not, and 

~d one : '• 

3 truly, /~) / "\ 



ttM- 




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Copy of Opt. Abbott* s 2d letter to Charles C. Peine. 

Near farrenton Junction V . 

July 28/63 
r Sir, 

I received your two letters of the 21 and 23, last night. 
1 car ierstand the feelings which dictated the former 

fore y° u received my letter, the indignation you must 
r ' ve felt at rent negleet of your son by his regiment and 

1 v ; veti since you hai oi first letter, you hardly 

■ vmfe i1 is impossible for a civilian to comprehe 
how little chance there to attend to one's dearest friend 

except to send him to I rear, where it was naturally expected 
somebody -yould be found better able to see to it than we were, 

irst line, w bel skirmishers throughout the 

l9xt stol range of us, with orders to be under arms 

all the time, only 3 officers resent with the regiment. I assure 
, sven under ;e circumstances, it was impossible for 

3 officer- to neb friend who had won their admiratio 

and ''- ion by his real: mderful pluck and balent. 

banding all my inquiries I can find little more 3 
: before. You will remember that in t -vy end ex- 

°- ben one sees no' 1 [ 

" ro is no til irtieulars. Amen re >rs 

eertair - " ' " eta, with a blank on each side, just es he 
does fro 



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l sstimony to, an b is, your 

i ful i ' i " self one of the most accomplis - 

w ir " month's time. Coi. Hall, our 

not ' 'ful to h im aft ?r 

Pc t. His memory and application 
ith' - im n he ki 3W 'A whole book of 
Ions, and commanded \ division on battalion and 
ly old offi . sides doing all his 

rr oxaetr ss, 8 vigor, an enthusias 

stimulal some of the oldey 

■ . When Lt . Paine 
3 influence was felt by bhe remotest 
town. ]7 is intelligence and dis- 
■ '9 sc Ly recognized by 

i m over nearly all V 
I 'ion of Si i hayes • 
I have described, he 
the actic , c cording to 

i ' Lm< >ui h "/hen 
I have just got hold of a man in 
evii a . His name is 

9 in Ho. A. He lives, at home, i b 27 Canard 
< T e ' - pood soldier. TT e saw your 

close fence, out in front oh 

;: i piece of shell, or by case. 






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fell on his knee, then turned on his side, and supporting himself 
on or? am . ved his word ovor his head with the other, and 

■"orvard to his mon. He also cried out something, the 
inks, to Lt. Hibbard. Ho was however, while waving his 
swc Li in I] " breast, end fell flat on the ground, prob- 

sensible moment. Thin is undoubtedl 
he A 8 f 1 is heroic deat] . Re used always to ho asking me, 

c r officer s 1 o self in battle, when ho should ho 

'-.":■ ' men. I hod always rather understated 

oon J 01' d: : n f -^i" it was noo Q s r, ary to incur, 
: -^ I hod seen at Fredericksburg 'hot he " r ould ho rather dis- 
hi ;elj too mucl o btherwise. He certainly 

as he used to describe it of an 
: ' is mon, an ] e evidently felt all 
hould. 

"h'i: hod;; being disfigured are all 
'■ r him i bely the battle was over and had the 

ra ia or. t t o Tar lying flat on his 

3 clump oh trees within 15 foot of rail fence 

■•d to halt. Ilia face though very whii 
sly calm and natural. ^ was shot through one of his 

! sido, which nobody car i *r, 

' ' c so bullet or by a m I ' bullet, I can't soy-, ! 
certainl fragmeni . One foot was bent clear out from '^ 

p; rently broken by s frasnent 



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"is sword was by his side, but his pistol g;one. 

L . Perkii i says he saw it in your son's hand at one time during 

and he m< iropped ii . I had his body taken to 

he hos i Ly by a detail, one oi whom was Joseph Chapman 

. §. su] osing of course that it would be sent home. The detail 
lowed to c to a small barn sen a hundreds or yards to 
tie " r r s not yet considered over. When the 
i .1 sent baek private Chapman who remained 

as • effects all night end part oi' bhe next 

I " r - s s regular hospital, reported to 

• ich I never had a chanco to 
home, he sent no word 
i /"ere he had *ot off, before 
: '. at now, )re v 'oro so many wounded and 

• Lion, ' ' ■ ' 3 would have ho be buried. I 
se&f to bri ;. div. and corps commanders bo see 
ss, but " rr s refused everywhere. 
Al ilar officers and kne T, z ] lis brother and said 

i • Ld, but ' it was impossible . t 

o our si ion in the pits., took off 
rere s ou, ;r? ve an, but de- 

until . ■ . I : : I ets of the 

Fire on us made it necessary to 
At dusk, I r eeived an intimation Dr.H # 

m before ' o'clock next morning. It 
ve been i lible for bju 1 1 to f i] 



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ital . I aecordingly waited un1 

I i the body. The detail, when ba< 

. g;ot the body there at 7. Immediately after, 
ii line under orders and at noon marched away. 
I su ; ody had been sent, until I heard the 

lay 3 - fter, that the Dr. had been unable bo send 

it anc ~ ' ■ bui ied. 

311, Sergeant Hanseomat and the remnant of his com- 

hir - ol lowing his loi [ . 
Michael 0' or Ho.t. since ?;one to the hospital 

it to 1 • n1 J . o Milford where ho lives, I 

-• -rr. x ' \ ospital where Dr. H. was. 

liles I s] o I b] ii k from the brick house 
, ' ' is he one I remember. The spot is North T,f o 

the mountains on our 
• ' hill on i • i .There \ a rail 

ver .ow wall. The fence we had torn down, & 

Li1 de a low r I rt . It w; > 

ne wall just below the crest of Cem- 
road r i hill was only i' n ' -r rods 

.1. ' ire " r s lay, i half or 3/4 mile ' e 

lej It ion, oad as so far to he rear bo be 

Ls was osition when the battle boran i 1 

' royin* ' ■ tit 1 at adv; ncec 

right, some 1" rods or 



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113 




^r meeting of the Association of the Officers of the 20th 
chusetts Infantry was held at NO. 50 State St. ^Boston, Mass., upon Fri- 
day, February 28th, 1890, in response to the following call:- 

1 Bo 3 ton, February 19th, 1890, 
Dear Sir:- 

"A meeting of the Association of the Offi- 
cers of the 20th Massachusetts Infantry will be held at the office of 
John C. Ropes, Esq., NO. 50 State St ., Boston, on Friday, the 28th of Feb- 
ruary, at 3 P. M.,for the purpose of electing a Treasurer of the fund 
in place of Gen* Franc is W. Palfrey, deceased, and for the consideration 
of a proposed monument to our deceased comrades, and of a proposed lo- 
cation for the same, and for the transaction of any other business that 
may come before it." 

(signed) 

Yours very truly, 

Edward 3. Robins. 

Acting Secretary.' 
There were present John C. Ropes\ssq., Gen. Charles L. Peirso:., 
Capt. C. L. TilJ.en,Dr. Charles F. Crehore,Col.Charles W. Folsom,Col. 
N. P. Hallowell,and Capt. Edward B. Robins. 

The meeting was organized by the election of Gen. Charles L.Peir- 
son as chairman, and Capt. Edward B. Robins as Secretary. 
The call for the meeting was then read. 

Letters of regret were then read from Capt. H. W. T. Mali, and 
Dr. John G. Perry. 



115 



(2) 
On motion ui Capt. C* L. Ti Id en, John C. Ropes, Esq., was unani- 
mously elected Treasurer of the fund,.in place of Gen. Francis 77. 
Pali rey , dec eas ed • 

Iff* Ropes then presented the following report of the fund as re- 
ceived from Gen. John C. Palfrey, executor of Gen.Franeis W. Palfrey. 
Details of fund:- 



$1000. 



:1907: 



$100. 
$100. 
$100. 
$1000. 

$600. 
$1000. 

$1000. 

$1000. 

$1000. 

$1000. 



:1913: 



Bond-Kansas City Jf .St.J.& Council Bluffs, R.R. 

NO. 923- -mtge-7's— . January 5c July. 

" 5535 

■ 5336 

1 5337 

-Burlington & M.R.R.R.ln Nebraska. 

NO. 4340: 6's January 5c July:- Exempt:- 

N0.511 * • ■ B 

-C.B.5eQ.. R.R. Debenture. :19I3: 

NO. 3321: 5's. May 5c November. 

-C.B.&&.R.R. Iowa Mtge. : 1919: 

NO. 12525: 4*8: April 5c October. 

K.C.,Fort Scott 5c Memphis R.R.-1923 

N0.6788— Mtge. 6's May 5= November 

Southern Kansas 5c Western R.R. 

NO. 1561 (to be exchanged C.L.Peirson) 

Atchison, T. 5c Santa Fe R.R. 

NO. 2444 ' Do. 

8 shares Calumet 5e Hccra Mining Co. 
27 shares Atchison, Topeka, Santa Fe R^R.Co. 
3 shares C.B. 5c Gtuincy R.R. Co., 

Cash $625.56. 

Mr. Ropes then stated that S. A. B. Abbott, Esq. , Chairman of the 
Trustees of the Boston Public Library, had informed him that two * t-.vi. , ' » 
lions^made by St.Gaudens,were to be placed on the stair-way of the new 
Public Library in Copley Square, and had suggested that the Asso- 
ciations of the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry- and the 20th Massachusetts 
Infantry, regiments that were officered by many mutual friends, and be- 



(3) 
tween which there had always been a most friendly interest, should 
purchase the two lions and present them to the Public Library in 
ry of their comrades who were killed in the war. He stated that the 
lions would cost from $5000. to $6000. apiece, and that the 2nd Massa- 
chusetts Association had about enough money subscribed to pay for one 
of them: — and that we had about twice as nuefe ... necessary to pay 
for the other. 

A lengthy discussion followed of various suggestions in connec- 
tion with the monument , and the use that might be made of the surplus* 
It was suggested that, as the regiment was a State regiment, the proper 
location would be the State House, rather than a city building: -but it 
was generally agreed among the officers that the regi ^ent was raised 
in Boston, and that no large number of men, with the exception of the 
Nantucket contingent came from any place outside of Boston. It was 
suggested that,a,s St .Gardens was making a monument to Col. Robert G. 
Shaw to be placed on the front of the State House, it might be well 
for us to secure the companion place for a .: omer piece of work 
than one of these lions, sufficient to use up our entire fund, -to be 
made by the same artist, who v/ould undoubtedly be pleased to design 
something much handsomer than this lion, which would be in keeping 
with the monument to Col. Shaw, and would prevent the possibility of an 
inferior monument being placed in this corresponding niche at some 
future time. 



117 




(4) 

Mr. Ropes expressed his opinion that the monument to Col. Shaw was 
not to the 54th Massachusetts Regiment, but to a great event in the 
history of the colored race, which marked the time when they were first 
put upon a par with the white people, and that it would not be appro- 
priate to have a regimental momument in a corresponding place* Some 
consideration was also given to our original idea of securing a loca- 
tion in one of the public paths or avenues; but the recollection of the 



inartistic monument erected to Col* Cass, and the probability that 
other regiments would be allowed to put up inferior monuments in 

other places, satisfied all that the Public Library would be the most 
desirable location that had been suggested, — as there would be here 
no chance for any other monument, except these two lions, both of which 
would now be taken by friendly regiments. 

The discussion then turned upon the use of the surplus. Capt. 
Mali's suggestion of a fund for free beds in some military hospital 
was considered, omi it was thought that there were not enough cases of 
need for that use of the fund. It was then suggested that it might be 
used for the purchase of military books, --to be placed in the Public 
Library. --and to be known as the *20th Massachusetts Fund". This 
seemed to please all the members. 

There was much discussion as to what names should be placed upon 
this monument, --whether we should put only the names of the officers 
who died in battle (or within a few days in consequence of their 
wounds), or only those who had died before the close of the war;or • 



(5) 



whether we should include those who had suffered for years, though 
perhaps they had died only recently (as Gen. Palfrey ), yet certainly had 
died, in consequence of their wounds although indirectly; and whether 
it would be possible in any way to commemorate the names of the en- 
listed men, or only their number. 

It seemed finally to be the most satisfactory to the meeting that 
only the names of the Officers who were killed, or died immediately of 
their wounds, should be placed on the monument, --mentioning them in 
order of rank, with the name of the battle in which they received their 
wounds, -and also, if possible, the number of enlisted men killed or 
mortally wounded. It vrzs also suggested that on another face of the 
monument might be engraved a full list of the battles in >.vhich the 
regiment had taken part. As our fund would enable us to add much in 

the way of bronze tablets, or similar extra work to the ...onument,and 
yet we should not wish to have our monument different from that of 
the 2nd Massachusetts, it was decided that the Treasurer should try to 
get the members of the 2nd Massachusetts to raise more money, and the 
decision of the actual wording and arrangement of our inscription v/as 
left to a subsequent meeting of the Association. 

It was also proposed that perhaps we could have an entire alcove 
for the books of the "20th Massachusetts Fund 1 , and that we could name 
the shelves for the different officers, and perhaps put up on each 
shelf a separate memorial tablet. It was agreed that a handsome book 



119 



(6) 

should be placed in this alcove, in which should be engrossed as full 
a record as possible of every officer and man of the regiment* 

It was finally voted :-"that the Treasurer of the 20th iviassachu- 
setts Association be authorized to co-operate with the 2 nd Massachu- 
setts Association in the purchase of two lions, by St.Gaudens, --to be 
presented to the Trustees of the Boston Public Library, as a memorial 
of the services of these regiments in the Yvar of the Rebellion, -and 
that the Treasurer be authorized, if possible, to procure permission 
to put up such meiiioriaJ tablets as may hereafter be decided upon." 

Capt* Edward B« Robins was then elected Secretary of the Associa. 
tion. 

The meeting then adjourned. 




/7 mf? -^ 



/ 



o 








••* meeting Of tne 'Association of the Officers of the 20th Uassa- 
A 

chusetts Infantry was held at N0.50 State St. , Boston, Mass ., on 

Thursday, June 26th, 1890, -in response to the following call:- 

Dear Sir;- 

i 

•The Association of Officers of the 20th 
Massachusetts Regiment will meet at the office of John C. Ropes, Esq., 
50 State St., Boston, on Thursday, (June 26th, .)at 3 P. M., B 

Signed 

Yours very truly, 

Edward B« Robins, Sect.' 

There were present John C. Ropes, Esq., Col. Charles W. Fo^ u , 
Capt. C. L. Tilden,and Capt. Edward B. Robins. 

The meeting was called to order by the Secretary, and Col. 
Charles W« Folsom was unanimously elected chairman. 

The call for the meeting was then read. 

The records of the last meeting were readyand approved. 

The Treasurer reported that Mr. St. Gardens wished a payment on 
account of the lions, and he desired authority to sell some of the se- 
curities belonging to the fund. It was therefore voted :- 

"That John C« Ropes, the Treasurer of the Twentieth Regiment 
Monument Fund, be, and he is hereby authorized to sell at any time any 
or all of the stocks, bonds, or other securities standing in his name 
as such Treasurer, or in the name of said Fund, at public or private 
sale at his discretion, ard to exe< : . ,o,and deliver such 



121 



(2) 

\,s, transfers, or other instruments as may be necessary for the 
carrying cut of said powers of sale." 
Voted :- 

"That said John C. Ropes, the Treasurer of the Twenti- 
eth Regiment Monument Fund, be authorized and empowered to advance 
from time to time as he may see fit, to the chairman of the Board of 
Trustees of the Public Library, or to Mr, Charles F. McKim, the Archi- 
tect, such sums as may in his judgment be required, not, however, to ex- 
ceed in all the sum of five thousand (5000) dollars. " 



The meeting then adjourned. 




JLeW/W 



The. Associat ion of the Officers of the 20th Massachusetts Inian- 

try met for^rr^sxsssfe Thursday, December llth,1890, -±\, 4 rn 

m " i . ■ » r>f John C. Ropes, Esq. ,99 Mt. Vernon St ., Boston, Mil ri 
1 4. 

•There were present, - 
John C. Ropes, Esq.., Col. 0. W. Holmes, Lieut. A* G. Sedgwick, Dr^Norl 
Foisom,Capt. G. Magnitzky, Francis V, Balch,Esq.,Col.N. P. Hallowell, 
Gen. Charles L. Peirson,Gen. Caspar Croni nshield, Gen. C. A. Whittier, 
Col. C« W« F©lsom,Capt. H. W» T. Mali, and Capt. Edward B. Robins* 

After dinner ft meeting oi the Association was held, with G . C. 
L. Peirson in the chair. 

The records of the last two meetings were read by the Secretary. 

There was much discussion over the names which should be placed 
upon the monument * Col. Hallowell objected to omitting such as 
Bart let t, Palfrey, and liason. Col. Holmes thought that cert: 
names had been made more prominent than they were at the time of the 
war by subsequent events, -and that if we allowed that to influence 
us in putting on names of officers who were seriously wounded during 
the war, but were not killed, -we should be in danger of erecting a 
monument to ourselves. Mr. Ropes thought that a moral lesson 

such as this monument would suggest, could not be drawn from the deaths 
of officers twenty,. five years after the close of the war. 

Capt. Mali made the following motion: - 



'' 



That only the names of such officers should be put upon 



19Q 

J km/*} 



(2) 

the monument as were killed in action, o r died from wounds so serious 
that they never got off their backs after receiving the_. u 

Col.Hailowell moved as an amendment to Capt . Mali's motion 
that § no names whatever should be put upon the monument". This a- 
mendment was lost by a vote of three in the affirmative, and eight in 
the negative. Capt. Mali's motion was then adopted. 

The list of officers was then read from the report of the 
Ad jut ant -General of Massachusetts, and the following names were unani- 
mously voted as proper to be put upon the monument :- - 

Colonel Paul* J. Revere, 

Lieutenant Colonel Ferdinand Dreher, 

Major Henry L. Abbott, 

Major Henry L. Patten, 

Assistant Surgeon Edward H. R. Revere, 

Captain Alois Babo, 

Captain Charles F. Cabot, 

Captain Thomas M. McKay, 

Lieutenant James J. Lowell, 

Lieutenant Hanry Ropes, 

Lieutenant Lansing E. Hibbard, 

Lieutenant Henry M # Bond, 

Lieutenant Edward Sturgis, 



24 



(5) 

Lieutenant Reinhold Wesselhoeft, 
Lie-tenant William L. Putnu. , 
Lieutenant Robert S. Beckwith, 
Lieutenant Leander F. Alley, 
Lieutenant Sumner Paine. 

The name of Lie -tenant Samuel u. Gilbreth of the 1st. 
Massac tts Sharp Shooters then came before the meeting* It was 
voted that his name should be i ed,if the Secretary should 
find upon investigation that at that time the Sharp Shooters v/ere 
a part of the 20th Massachusetts Regiment* 

Colonel Hallowell desired to recorc vote in favor 
of including the following . ;:- 
Uenerl Francis W. Palfrey, 
Captain John C. Putnam, 
General William F. Bart let t, 
ujor Herbert C« Mason 

Colonel Hallowell maintained that those four officers 
received grievous wounds from which, after years of contii 
suffering ^they as certainly died as did their more fortunate 
brothers who were more immediately killed; that their names are 
historically identified with the record of the 20th Regiment; 



(4) 

and that the English language is sufficiently rich to furnish an 
epitaph which will include such names without giving - offence to 
any one. 

Upon motion duly seconded Col. Halloweil alone voted 
in favor of the four names specified, and at his request his vote 
is so recorded. 

The meeting then adjourned. 




■< 






126 



The Association of the Officers of the 20th Massachusetts^Infan- 

try met for Un ■iiiinir H i v oi£ Friday, November 20,1891 'at the' 

Somerset Club on invitation of Captain H.W.T.Mali. 



There were present, - 
Capt.H. W.T.Mali, 
Capt.G.Magnitzky, 
Capt .Edward B.Robins, 
John C. Ropes Esq., 
Gen. Caspar Crowninshield, 
Gen. Charles L.Peirson, 



tZiZ. £4&Uf£y -££4&***tZC 



Gen. Charles A.Whittier, 
Col. O.W.Holmes, 
fetent . C . L . Ti Id en , 
Dr. Norton Folsom, 
Francis V.Balch Esq., 
Col.Charles W.Folsom 



After dinner p. meeting of the Association was held, with Gen. 
A 

C. L.Peirson in the chair. 

The records of the last meeting were read by the Secretary. 

The subject of our monument was then brought up. 

Gen.Peirson thought that, the simpler the inscriptions, the better 
it would be. He suggested that we should omit the names entirely, -that 
we inscribe on one face the battles only, and on the other face "To tit 
City of Boston from the Survivors and Friends of the 20th Massachu- 
setts." 

Ivlr. Ropes stated that the Lions would cost about $4700.00 apiece 
and that our fund was large enough to enable us to present to the City 
in addition to the Lion, a considerable sum for a fund for tablets, an 
alcove etc. 






127 



(2) 

Gen. Whit tier then moved that, -" On one face of the Monument 
should be inscribed 20th Massachusetts, -on a second face, the battles,— 
on a third face, the number of enlisted men killed, -on a fourth face, 
the names of officers killed, which should be the list accepted at 
the last meeting, B This was carried unanimously. 

The Secretary reported on the name of Lieutenant Samuel G. Gil- 
breth of the 1st Massachusetts Sharp Shooters, killed in front of 
Peters burg # 

Mr. Ropes moved that:-" Lieut. Gilbreth's name be not included in 
the list of officers of the 20th Massachusetts . tt Carried. 

Mr. Ropes then moved that:-" Assistant Surgeon Charles E. Inches 
be invited to join this Association." Carried. 

The meeting then adjourned. 



■&h&& 





28 



£- meeting^! the Association of the Officers of the 20th Massa- 
chusetts Infantry was held at No. 50 State St., Boston, Mass., on 
Friday, February 19, 1892, in response to the following call:- 

"Boston, Mass., 16 1 Feb'y./ 92 
Dear Sir:- 

A meeting of the Association of Officers of the 
20th Massachusetts will be held at the office of John C. Ropes Esq, 
50 State St., Boston, on Friday, February 19", at 3 P. tf. to settle 
upon the inscriptions for our monument. 

( signed) Yours truly, 

Edward B. Robins 

Secretary 
There were present, - 
Col. Charles W. Folsom, John C. Ropes Esq., 

Francis V. Balch Esq., Capt. Edward B. Robins. 

The records of the last meeting were read and approved. 
The Secretary then read the following copy of the vote of ac- 
knowledgment of the Trustees of the Public Library: — 

"Public Library of the City of 3ostor\ 
In Board of Trustees 

Friday, February 12,1392 
Voted, that the acknowledgments of the Trustees oi the 
Public Library of the City of Boston be conveyed to Mr. John C. Ropes, 
to the Association of the Officers of the Twentieth Regiment Massa- 






123 



(2) 



chusetts Volunteers and to Mrs. Louisa C. Palfrey, widow of its dis- 
tinguished and lamented commander, for the gift of books from the 
library of General Palfrey, the same to be the nucleus of a Library 
established as a memorial of this gallant regiment, the charge of 
which is accepted as a sacred trust by the Trustees. 

A true copy of the record. 
Attest: 
(signed ) Louis F. Gray, Clerk 

The Treasurer stated that he had sent $100.00 from the funds of 
the Association to Col. John B. Batchelder, to supply the deficiency 
in the appropriation by the Legislature of Massachusetts for the 
bronze tablet marking the position of the regiment at the copse of 
trees at the Battle of Gettysburg. This subscription was cordially 
approved. 

The matter of the inscriptions on the Lion was then brought up. 
The votes of the last two meetings of the Association were read, viz:- 
that on one face should be inscribed the names of the officers killed, 
according to the list, in the order of their rank and with the names 
of the battles in which they were killed: -on a second face, the number 
of men killed:-on a third face, the list of battles; -and on the fourth 
face, 20th Massachusetts. It was understood by this meeting that the 
last was a general direction to cover a suitable inscription of pre- 
sentation by the regiment &c. 



Si 



-_*. 



130 



(3) 
Mr. Ropes then read the inscriptions that had been agreed upon 
( mutatis mutandis ) in conference by- t:.e committees of the two regi- 
ments, Captains Fox and Bangs of the 2nd, and Gen. Peirson and himself 
of the 20th. 

''The following was agreed to on December 18", 1891, by Messrs 
Fox & Bangs, of the 2nd, and Messrs. Peirson & Ropes , of the 20th. 



T .is Lion 
given to the City of Boston 
in honor of the 
(20th?) Twentieth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry 
and in remembrance of the 
Officers and Men 
who fell in its ranks. 



The above to be inscribed on the long face on the upper ? side 



The battles to be inscribed on the reverse long face. 



The square face in front to contain a Bronze Shield containing this, 

viz : 

Twentieth Massachusetts Infantry 

1861 - 1865 






1. Ball's Bluff 

2. Fair Oaks 

3. Glendale 

4. Malvern Hill 

5. Antietam 



11. Spottsylvania 

12. Cold Harbor 

13. Petersburg 

14. Appomattox Court House 



(4) 
20th Battles s- 

6. Fredericksburg 

7. Marye's Heights 

8. Gettysburg 

9. Bristoe Station 

10. The Wilderness 

The different points were very thoroughly discus seel, but, as so 
few members were present, and as it was somewhat uncertain how many 
available faces there were to the monument, what were their dimensions 
and which should be considered the prominent face, it was voted that:- 
"The Secretary be authorized to have made plans or models, drawn to 
scale, showing plainly the monument, its faces, location and various 
features, to be submitted to a future meeting of the Association, 
and if possible to have copies sent to the members for their consider- 
ation before the meeting." 

Mr. Ropes in presenting the list of battles, asked the opinion 
of the meeting on the proper name for the second battle of Fredericks- 
burg, because the regiment was not engaged at Chancellors ville, but 
at the city of Fredericksburg. It was decided that "Marye's Heights" 
was the proper designation. 

The Secretary desired the opinion of the meeting on the proper 
title for the regiments, for which one of the Trustees of the Library 
had asked. It was decided that "(2nd or ) 20th Massachusetts 



/- 



132 



(5) 
Volunteer Infantry* was the proper title :-also that the number of the 
regiment should generally be expressed in figures, as it was on the 
caps of the men, rather than in letters. 
The meeting then adjourned. 





/^/ 



tb^&^&^-rfx^? 



1 33 



/v^**t^SS!Z 



The Associati on of t he Officers of the 20th Massachusetts. In - 
e=3B*KHd: dinner at 99 Mt . Vernon 'St., Boston, on 



fantry met for 



Wednesday evening, February 22nd, 1393, 




nvitation of John C. Ro,.es 



Esq. 



There were present :- 
John C. Ropes Esq. 
Gen. Charles A. Whittier 
Col. 0. W. Holmes Jr. 
Gen. Caspar Crowninshield 



Gen. Charles L. Peirson 
Francis V. Balch Esq. 
Capt. G. Magnitsky 
Dr. Charles E. Inches 
Col. Charles W. Folsom. 



Capt. Edward B* Rooins 

After dinners meetinsfof the Association was held with Gen. 
A 

Charles L. Peirson in thechair. 

The records of the last meeting were read and approved. 

The Secretary showed plans of the ne* Public Library, which gave 
the arrangement of the halls and stair-case, showing the position of 
the lions. He stated that Mr. St. Gaudens and Mr. McKim had not yet 
finally decided upon the height of the pedestals, which might be re- 
duced from what it was at present, and that consequently the panels 
on the sides had not yet been finally determined upon. Consequently 
the Secretaiy could not send out to the officers the plans that had 
been voted at the last meeting, and the inscriptions already voted 
might oe^lterea\somewhajj) 

The Secretary stated that the entire upper story of the new Li- 
brary would be devoted to Special Libraries, of thich the Architect- 



1.34 



- 2 - 

ural and the two other largest libraries would have separate rooms; 
but almost three entire sices o: the square on that floor would be a 
continuous room for smaller special libraries. In this roan tables 
would be arranged for reading, r inning across the room near the 
windows that open o:. the inner court -yard, while the alcoves for ihi 
special libraries would ue >etween these taoies and the outer solid 
walls next the street. Here would be an excellent place for our pro- 
posed "20th Massachusetts Alcove" for a Military Library. 

Considerable discussion then ensued on the list of battles adopt- 
ed at the last meeting. It was finally voted to add to the list 
"Yorktown." It was voted not to add "Savage's Station" or "Chant illy! 
This would make the list of battles as follows:- 



1 



1. Ball's Bluff 

2. Yorktown 

3. Fair Oaks 

4. Glendale 

5. Malvern Hill 



20th Battles :- 

6. Ant let am 

7. Fredericksburg 

8. Marye's Heights 

9. Gettysburg 



11. The Wilderness 

12. Spottsylvania 

13. Cold Harbor 

14. Petersburg 

15. Appomattox Court House 



10. Bristoe Station 
A le'ter from Col. Folsoi. to Mr. Ropes was then read, which sug- 
gested a re -arrangement of the inscription adopted oy the committees 
of the 2nd and 20th regiments. It proposed to change "This Lion" to 
"This Monument," and to transpose the first two lines of the inscrip- 
tion to the end. A new inscription proposed by ,fr. Ropes in accord 
ance with this suggestion was then offered. 



■ 



By a vote of seven to three the word •Monument' was selected 1 - 
,d of " Memorial* " By a umai te the *ord3 § er< 

omitted. The inscription, a.» fitally adopted was : - 

IN HONQB 
OF T) 
20 TH HASSACHUSJH'ig VOLUMT ANTKY 

AMD I OF THE 

OFFICERS Ai4D MM WHO REU 111 LTS RAM 
THi NT 

HAS BEEN GIVEN TO THE 
CITY OF BOS TUN 
It was aprain voted that the names of the officers, who ftJ 
battle or died of their woands, should e placed iron this aumu— 1 . 
The meeting the:; adjourned. 





136 



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137 



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JOHN C. ROPES , TREASURER . IN ACCOUNT WITH THE TWENTIETH REGIMENT 
MONUMENT FUND FROM FEBRUARY • 18th 4 1890 to JANUARY 15th, 1896. 



139 



-RECEIPTS- 



1890. 
Feb'y 18, 



March 1 , 



To Cash from General J0hn C. Palfrey, Executor of the 
Will of General Francis W. Palfrey late Treasurer 
Qf the fund, 625.56 

Securities received from above, viz:- 
01,300 K.City,St.Jos.& C. Bluffs R.R. 

7s 1907 1,300. 

1,600 Bur.& Miss. R.R. in Neb. exempt 6s 

1,600. 



May 


2, 




19, 


June 


28, 




30, 


Nov'r 


1, 


Dec'r 


31, 


1891 




Apl. 


H. 


Dec'r 


31 


1892 




Mch. 


16, 


Dec'r 


31, 


1893, 


» 


Dec'r 


31, 


1894, 


» 


Dec'r 


31 


1895 


» 


Dec'r 


31, 


1896 


i 


Jan'y 


15 



1918 
1,000 Chi. Bur. & 0. R.R. Iowa Mtg.4s 

1919 
1,000 Chi. Bur. & 9. R.R. deb. 5s. 1913 
1,000 K.City,Ft.S.& Mem.R.R.Mtg 6s 

1928 
1,000 So. Kansas & West'n R.R.7s 

(under reorganization) 
1,000 Atch.Top.& S.Fe R.R. 5s 
(under reorganization) 
Calumet & Hecla Mng.Co. 8 shs.jt 250 
Atch.Top.& S.Fe R.R. 27 shs. ■ 33 
Chi. Bur. & Q.R.R. 3 ■ » 103 
Gain by sale $1,150 Atch. Income 5 0/0 bonds 

■ « « 3 Rights Chi. Bur. & Q.R.R. 

■ ■ B 27 shares Atch.Top.& S.Fe R.R. 
1 I ■ $1,000 Chi. Bur. & Q.R.R.deb.5s 

Estate of Francis W. Palfrey, Suffolk Sav.Bank 

book 
Income in full to date 

Gain by sale $600 Bur.& Miss. R.R. R. 6s 
Income for the year 

Gain by sale $300 K. City, St. Jos. 5c C. Bluffs 

R.R.7s 
Income for the year 

Income for the year 

Income for the year 

Income for the year 

Income Dec.3l/95 to date 



1,000. 
1,000. 

1,000. 

1,000. 

1,000.00 
2,000. 
891. 

508. 11,100.00 

92.88 

3.60 

340.88 

21.66 

218.07 
611.48 

81.75 
603.22 



60«00 
565.04 

550.00 

534.25 

580.00 

65.00 

$16,053.39 



140 



S 



m E_X P E N S E S - 



1890. 
Mch. 14, 

May 2, 
7 

June 28, 
30, 

1891. 
Apl. 14, 

Oct. 23, 
20, 



Nov. 16, 

1892. 

Feb'y 5, 

Mch. 16 

June 15, 
■ 

1893. 

Mch. 25, 
ii 

Dec. 21, 
■ 

I 

1895. 
Jan. 28, 

Feb. 28, 

May 1 , 

31, 
■ 

July 1, 
Sept. 9, 



1896. 
Jan. 15, 



By loss on $2,000 Atch. bonds by surrender 

and exchange under reorganization plan 
broker's comm's on sale £1,150 Atchison Incomes 
■ ■ purchase 10 shs.Am.Waltham 

Watch Co. 
" ■ sale 27 shs. Atchison R.R. 
1 ■ and express digs sale £l,000 
C.,B.& Q.ft.R.- 5s 



■ ■ sale £600 Bur.& Miss. R. R.R. 

in Neb. 6s 
John B.Bachelder, Gettysburg tablet 
accrued int. on £1,000 Chi. Bur. & Q. R.R. 4s 

May 1 to date 
broker's comrn's on £1,000 bond C.,i.::.& Q.R.R. 

purchased 
Robert C.Fisher 8c Co # l/2 cost of St.Gaudens 
lions for the Boston Pub. Library, 



58.00 
2.88 

2.50 
6.75 

2.85 



1.50 
100.00 

18.89 

1.25 

4,700.00 



W. E.Doyle wreath placed on Col.V^R.Lee' s coffin 12.00 

Loss by sale £1,000 C.,B.& Q.R.S. 4s 50.00 

Premium on £500 Chi. Bur. & Nor.R.R.5s 20.00 

accrued int. on £500 C.,B.& Nor.R.R.5s Apl.l to date 5.21 

premium on £200 Atch.& Neb. R.R. 7s 42.00 

accrued int. on above to datefr.Mch.l, 0.97 

premium on £500 K.City,Ft.S.& Gulf R.R. 7s 20.00 

accrued int. on same Dec.l to date 1.95 

■ ■ ■ £100 C.,B.& g.R.R.4s Aug.l to date 1.56 

■ ■ ■ £400 C.,B.& Q.R.R.4S 7.87 
broker's comrn's on purchase of above 1.00 
John Williams Jr. , pedestals, half cost of bronze 

lettering, &c. 750.00 

Miss Kidder, copy of letter 0.75 

broker's comm' s on sale 3 shs.C.,B.& J. R.R. 0.37 

Loss on sale 3 shs.C.,B.& Q.R.R. 61.65 

Miss Kidder copying papers 10.00 
broker's comm's and express chgs on sale 

£1,000 Atch. 4 o/o bond 1.39 

loss on sale £1,000 Atch. 4 o/o bond 2.62 



balance of fund on hand 



10.169.45 
£16,053.39 



-ASSETS* 
January 15, 1896. 



141 



£1,000 K # City,St.Jos.& C.Bluffs R.R.7s 1907 
1,000 Bur.& Miss.R.R.R. in Neb. 6s exempt 1918. 
500 Chi. Bur. & Q.R.R. 4s 1922 
200 Atchison- & Nebraska RJR.7s 1908 
500 Chi,Bur.& Nor.R.R.lst Mtg.5s 1926 
1,000 K.City,Ft«S.& Mem.R.R.6s 1928 
1,000 Chi. Bur. & Q.R.R.Neb.Ex.4s S.F. 1927 
500 K.City,Ft.S.& Gulf R.R.7s 1908 
Calumet & Hecla Mng. Co. 8 shs. ^ 250 
American Walt ham Watch Co, 10 shs. j. 171 
Suffolk Savings Bank book No .83, 930 
Uninvested Cash on hand 



Present value. 

1,000. 1,200.00 

1,000, 1,150.00 

474. 470.00 

200. 244.00 

500* 510.00 

1,000. 900.00 

856.11 880.00 

500. 560.00 

2,000. 2,360.00 

1,710. 1,450.00 

6.39 6.39 

922 .95 922.95 

$10,169.45 $10,653.52 



Boston, January 15, 1896. 
>**<y?~ / <f. ^ O. cF. / 



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142 



An adjourned meeting of the Association of Officers of 
the 20th Massachusetts Infantry will be held on Wednesday, 
March 11, 1896, at 4 P.M. at the office of John C. Ropes, Esq. 
50 State Street, Boston, to decide upon the final disposition 
of the balance of the Monument Fund, full payment for the 
Lion having now been made. 

As you probably know, the grand staircase of the new 
Public Library in Boston has on each side a magnificent Lion 
in Sienna marble, designed by St. Gaudens. These two Lions 
were presented by the survivors and friends of the 20th 
Massachusetts Infantry and the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry. 
The inscriptions in raised bronze letters on *»e Lion are 
as follows :- 



On the long side:- 

In honor 
of the 
Twentieth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry 
and in remembrance of the 
Officers and Men who fell in its ranks 
this monument has been given to the City of Boston 



143 



On the front upper panel :- 

Ball's Bluff Fair Oaks Glendale 

Malvern Hill Antietam Fredericksburg 

Marye's Heights Gettysburg Br is toe Station 

The Wilderness Spottsylvania Gold Harbor 
Petersburg Appomattox Court House 

On the front lower panel :- 

Twentieth 
Massachusetts 
Infantry 
1861-1865 
Enclosed in a laurel wreath. 



The Treasurer reports that he has paid $5450.00 for the 
20th Lion in the Public Library, $100.00 in addition to the 
State appropriation for the 20th tablet at Gettysburg, and 
$12.00 for a wreath for Colonel Lee's coffin. The balance 
on hand in cash and securities at market value is $10,655.32. 

No formal vote has ever been taken as to the disposition 
of this surplus, which is much larger than we had ever ex- 
pected it to be. The matter was informally discussed at 
the meeting of February 28 , 1890, and then the only propo- 
sition that seemed to interest the meeting was to establish 



144 






a fund for a military library. It was proposed to present 
our surplus to the Trustees of the Public Library to establish 
the "20th Mass. Fund" and to ask them to reserve an alcove 
for a military library to be provided by this fund, and to 
name the shelves for the different officers of the regiment, 
with perhaps a separate memorial tablet on each shelf. A 
handsome book was also to be provided, with as full a record 
as possible of every officer and man of the regiment. 

Since that meeting the Military Historical Society of 
Massachusetts, of which a large number of our officers are 
members, has been incorporated and has settled in permanent 
quarters in the new Armory of the Cadets^. It has been 
suggested that the library of this Society would be a more 
suitable place for books provided by the n 20th Mass. Fund" 
and for any flags, relics, &c . , of the regiment than the 
Public Library. This Society was established for the study 
of military history and is now in its twenty-first year. 
It has received from Mr. Ropes his entire military library 
and collections, to which it is constantly making additions. 
Its membership and library are open to any persons interested 
in military study. It selected its permanent location in 
the new Cadet Armory, where it is expected that the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States will also 







14' 



have headquarters with its splendid collection of military- 
books and relics, with the idea that here will be centred 
the military interest of the coming generations in Boston. 

It has meetings every month in the winter with lectures on 

- 
military subjects at each meeting. It has published three 

volumes on the late Civil War and has seven more volumes in 

preparation. 

As our members are so scattered that it is impossible 

for all to attend a meeting, I enclose proxies so that all 

members may vote on this subject. Please express your 

opinions on the use of the surplus as a "20th l.iass. Fund" 

for a military library,' and whether you would prefer to have 

the books placed in the Public Library of the City of Boston, 

or the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts J- or 

make any suggestions that you may desire for its use. 

Edward B. Robins 

Secretary. 



146 



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150 



(COPY) 



Boston, Men. 11, 1896 . 
To llr . John C. Ropes, Esq., 

Treasurer &c . 

* 

Dear John, 

Enclosed are the only reports on the fund by (Jen. Pal- 
frey. The last one - 1873 - includes all the subscriptions, so 
that you need not look at the others, except for details of invest- 
ment, interest &c . There is quite a gap between 1873 and 1890, when 
you took the fund. Perhaps there were other subscriptions, but I 
incline to think that this $3,416.92 comprises about all of f he 
principal of our fund. Please return this paper, as I propose to 
have the list of members present at \ he dinner copied into our book 
Can you supply the missing data for a complete manuscript from the 



beginning? 



Yours very truly, 



Edward B. Robins . 






1" 



THE TWENTIETH REGIMENT MONUMENT FUND CONSISTS OP 
THE FOLLOWING SUBSCRIPTIONS, VIZ:- 

F. V. Balch, 55.00 
C„ P. Crehore, 50.00 
C. W. Folsom, 50.00 

E. N. Hallowell, 50.00 
N. P. Hallowell, 50.00 
0. .W. Holmes, Jr., 50.00 
J. Kelliher, 50.00 

G. N. Macy, 25.00 
H. W # T. Mali, 1,000,00 
Ho C. Mason, 75.00 
N. T„ Messer, 26.92 
W. F. Milton, 100.00 

F. W. Palfrey, 50.00 

C. L. Peirson, 60.00 

W. P. Perking 50.00 

Mrs.& Miss Putnam, 1,000.00 

The Ropes Family, 500.00 

A. G. Sedgwick, 25.00 

H. H. Sturgis, 50.00 

C. L. Tilden, 50.00 

C. A. Whittier, 50 .00 

The original Fund as it was stated in September 1873, 

Accumulations, 

Total as stated ©n Sept. 20, 1873, 








Military Historical Society of Massachusetts 



CADET ARMORY 
FERDINAND STREET 



Yu^. £*?*' 



P. O . BOX 2 8 ^9 
BOSTON £>fe^lA, 2*S? I 











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20TH MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



Boston, October 8, 1896. 
Dear Sir: 

Soon after the close of the Civil War several of the surviving members of 
the regiment and relatives of deceased officers subscribed to a fund for the 
purpose of raising a monument to the regiment, and especially to those of the 
officers and men who were killed in the war. 

No suitable design or location for our monument presented itself until the 
city of Boston proposed to build a new Public Library. 

The grand staircase of this building was to be ornamented with two massive 
lions, modelled by Augustus St. Gaudens, to be made of Siena marble. These 
two lions were selected by us and by the 2d Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry 
as monuments. The Library was finished and opened to the public this spring. 

The inscriptions on our lion, in raised bronze Letters, are as follows: — 

IN HONOR 

OF THE 

TWENTIETH MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY 

AND IN REMEMBRANCE OF THE 
OFFICERS and MEN who fell in its ranks 

THIS MONUMENT HAS BEEN GIVEN TO THE CITY OF BOSTON 



BALL'S BLUFF 
MALVERN HILL 
MARYE'S HEIGHTS 
THE WILDERNESS 
PETERSBURG 



FAIR OAKS 
ANTIETAM 
GETTYSBURG 
SPOTTSYLVAN1A 



GLENDALE 
FREDERICKSBURG 
BRISTOE STATION 
COLD HARBOR 



APPOMATTOX COURT HOUSE 



TWENTIETH 

MASSACHUSETTS 

INFANTRY 

1861-1865 

[Enclosed in Laurel Wreath.] 

In addition to this, it was unanimously agreed that a book or books should 
be placed on the shelves of the Public Library, containing as full a record as 
possible of every officer and man that ever belonged to the regiment. 

The whole of the original subscription and a portion of the accrued interest 
were expended in the purchase of our lion. There still remains a considerable 



157 



sum, which the surviving donors have decided to use in establishing a permanent 
fund for a military library, to be known as the 20th Massachusetts Memorial Fund. 
The Public Library of the city of Boston was selected as the most suitable place 
for our library. The Trustees have accepted the offer of this fund, and will 
co-operate most heartily in carrying out its objects. They will give us an alcove 
on the " Special Libraries " floor, accessible to all readers. 

Our monument is thus threefold. First, the grand Lion on the staircase; 
second, the Alcove, to contain the full roster of the members of the regiment, 
and their history, and our library; third, the permanent 20th Massachusetts 
Memorial Fund for a collection of military and patriotic books. The first is 
finished, and we trust that all are pleased with it; for the second we need the 
assistance of all the survivors of the dear old regiment and of the relatives of 
those who have gone; the third will be put in charge of the Trustees of the 
Boston Public Library as soon as the second is completed. 

The undersigned were appointed a Committee by the donors to prepare the 
roster and history of the regiment, to collect and arrange tablets, portraits, flags, 
and relics in the alcove, and to superintend the selection of books for our library. 

Please attend to these matters at once. Do not postpone them. Try to send 
your contributions to the roster and history within one month of the receipt 
of this circular. 

Please send everything to Capt. Edward B. Robins, Cadet Armory, 
Ferdinand Street, Boston. They will be kept in that fire-proof building until 
ready for the Public Library. 

Please acknowledge on enclosed postal card the receipt of this circular, and 
state whether you will send any report, history, papers, etc., or any relics. 
A copy of this circular is sent to every member, and some relative of every 
deceased member, whose address can be found. Send us the address of any 
member who does not receive a circular. 

Yours truly, 

CHARLES W. FOLSOM, 

Captain, A. Q.M., Bvt. Colonel, U. S. V. 

EDWARD B. ROBINS, 

First Lieut. 20lh Mass., Bvt. Captain, U. S. V. 



20™ MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



ALCOVE. 



The Memorial Alcove in the Boston Publie Library will be a supplementary 
monument to the regiment, where opportunity will be offered to express more 
fully our admiration and affection for our departed comrades, with a record of 
their service. 

This alcove will contain suitable tablets, and, in addition, several thousand 
military books, also a collection of such memorials of the officers and men of 
the Twentieth Regiment as are suitable for preservation on the shelves or eases 
of a library. An opportunity is thus afforded for the safe custody in an 
accessible situation of memorial objects and records, which will acquire far 
greater value and interest when brought together than they can possess while 
scattered and inaccessible. Our permanent fund will provide Cor the repair and 
increase of the collection. 

It is hoped to preserve here, not only all bound volumes or pamphlets relating 
to the war, but also diaries, letters, maps, manuscripts, officers' commission-, 
portraits or pictures, either photographic or engraved, and, in fact, any objects 
which can be put in book form or which can be preserved in portfolios or drawers. 

The rules of the Library do not admit of the placing of what are commonly 
called "relics," such as cannon-balls, shells, uniforms, or equipments, upon the 
shelves, as the Trustees cannot give us space for what is commonly called a 
"museum." But we do expect to put up in front of the alcove two or more 
military trophies, to be composed of flags, muskets, sabres, bayonets, pistols, 
canteens, knapsacks, cartridge or cap boxes, or such other arms or military 
equipments as may prove available. Nothing is too small or insignificant for 
our purpose, provided that its size and shape do not unfit it for preservation in 
a library. 

Anything sent to us will be gratefully accepted, and will meet with a proper 
disposition, and be treasured with the utmost care. Any express charges will be 
defrayed by the receivers. 



20™ MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



HISTORY AND ROSTER. 



159 



Visitors to the Public Library will see our lion on which no names are 
placed, except those of our principal battles; they will be attracted by our 
alcove, with its flags, tablets, portraits, etc.; they will inquire about our service 
in the field. It is proper, and it is due to the 20th Massachusetts that this 
alcove should contain a complete Roster and History of the Regiment. 

The survivors of the Twentieth, a regiment whose courage, patience, and 
reliability, and almost unsurpassed losses in battle, were, at the time of the war, 
matters of common knowledge, are rapidly passing away. Now, therefore, is the 
time to prepare its history; and we must depend upon the survivors and upon 
the relatives of the departed for the facts. We request you to look up old 
diaries, letters, etc., and give us exact facts and dates about your battles, 
skirmishes, marches, and camps, with the names of officers and number of men 
in your own company on each occasion, and, if possible, the names of other 
officers and number of men in the whole regiment. 

Tell of your wounds, sicknesses, furloughs, and absent duty, with dates of 
leaving and rejoining the regiment, stating where you were when absent. 

If ever captured, give full particulars of capture, when and where confined, 
how treated, etc. Give accounts of any comrades that were killed, wounded, 
captured, or sick at any time, or whom you met in hospital or prison. 

Let any one write of his whole service, or of one campaign, or of one 
battle, — about himself or his company or the regiment, — write as full a story 
as he wishes, or only give a list of dates and places. Everything will be 
examined and worked into the history as far as possible, or copied into our 
books, or filed away in our alcove. 

We want also the place and date of your birth, and all such facts of personal 
history — ancestral as well as since the war — as you can send us. Tell all items 
about yourself that you would now like to learn about an ancestor that served 
in our Revolutionary War. 

While we desire a full (and accurate) roster of members, we wish also to 
publish a readable history of the noble old regiment. We propose to show the 
Twentieth as it was: its daily life with all its incidents, in camp or on the 
march, in victory or defeat. The jokes and songs, the nicknames even, will all 
count. Let us have the good times as well as the hard times. 

Any maps, photographs, tintypes, drawings, or sketches of camp or marches 
will be welcome. 

If you have any diaries, papers, letters, etc., that you wish to keep, but will 
lend us for copying, we will take great care of them and return them to you 
in a few days. 



160 





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i 



20th Massachusetts Association. 

Boston, Dec. 12, 1838. 



The following tribute of admiration and affection was offered end 
unanimously adopted at a meeting of this Association, held this day. 

In the year just closing we have lost one of our comrades,- one of 
the purest, ablest, noblest of men, one whose heart was ever open, whose 
hand was ever ready to assist any member of the 20th Massachusetts Regi- 
ment,- Francis V. Balch. We cannot permit the death of so rare a man 
to pass unnoticed. 

Actuated by the highest patriotism he responded to the President's 
call for 300,000 volunteers issued in July, 1862, immediately after the 
failure of the Peninsula Campaign. With his customary modesty he enlist- 
ed as a Private in Co. I of the 20th Massachusetts on Aug. 2nd, left Boston 
on Aug. 5th, and joined the regiment at Harrison's Landing a few days 
later. In camp he devoted himself most zealously to his work, z<.n& 

learned his new duties with the utmost devotion. A quiet, retiring 

student, he endured the rough life and coarse food of the soldier without 
a murmur, and performed uncongenial work with faithfulness and with the 
zeal of a Christion patriot, refusing all association with the officers, 
many of whomjwere his juniors in college, and all attempts by them to 
lighten his labors. He had enlisted as a Private, and he accepted a 

Private's position and performed a Private's work as his contribution to 
the cause of the Country he loved so well. 

When the march down the Peninsula was begun on Aug. 16, 1862, which 
was the opening of another campaign against the Rebels, he started with 
eagerness to perform his share. But his delicate frame was unequal to 



177 



the task,- his slight body was far weaker than the noble soul within. 
It was a wonder indeed that he was able to carry a musket, knapsack and 
the other accoutrements for even a single mile! He struggled on for 
a few days, but finally fainted away and was carried to the hospital, 
from which he was sent sick with fever to the Douglas Hospital in Wash- 
ington, D. C. , where he was discharged from the U. S. Service on Nov. 19, 
1862. 

His service was short, but it commanded the honor and respect of all 
who knew him. He did what he could. 

Since his connection with the regiment he has gladly assisted every 
comrade who was in distress, and has asked frequently that any case of 
need of any member of the 20th should be reported to him in order that 
he might quietly relieve it. He was an absolutely unselfish man, and 
never considered for a moment any expenditure of money or advice, time 
or trouble, provided he could be of any assistance. He was in very 
truth an ideal comrade. 



£^to^) /jc.A^r^, 



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Brevet Captain U. S. Vols. 
Late 1st Lieut. 20th Mass. Vol. Inf. 
President 20th Massachusetts Association. 



Official:- 



Secretary and Treasurer 



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JELEGRAPO TO TflE HERALD. 



JNF IMPORTANT ARMY NEWS. 

DISPATCHES FROM VICKSBURGr. 

list of Casualties ie the 1st Mass. 
Cavalry Regiment. 




QpetfalDispatoh to the Sunday Herald.] 

Washington, June 20. 
Intelligence from the front tonight presents 
nothing of startling interest. A report here 
Ibis morning that Longstrect's corps was ad* 
Vancing la proved to be untrue. Out army Is 
•ery active and vigilant. 
Detailed dispatcher received here from Vtcks- 
^fcurg lead to a hope for a speedy result of the 
N^V||ege ci that place. 

)' Private dispatches received here state Chat 

^Rear Admiral Footc cannot survive another 

{dy. 

Q}v Mr.' Tufts, ~<he Massachusetts State Agent 



tiew, has obtained today the following partial 



Jllst of casualties in the 1st Massachusetts Cav- 
" Jllry at the fight on the 17th Inst, at Aldle. The 
•O*(rounded and maimed have arrived here : 
i ^KUUd— Co. t>, Corporals Hamilton and Hin- 
vj^inan, Alonzo Jackson and George Orey. The 
-flatter waa brought here wounded and dlod to-day. 
^Co^H.BaylwFish. 

Wounded-- Major Hlgflinson, badly hurt— will 
tecover; Capt, L. M. Sargent, 9hot through the 
Jongs, but wilt recover; Lieut. Flllebrown, ab- 
domen, dangerously ; David Couch, Co. F ; Benj. 
BoImes.Co.C; William H. Martin, Co. B; Win. 
Jackson, Co. G; Seth Young, Co. Dj Eben8, 
Vlnn, Co. B; George W. Smith, Co. A ; John 
Wfllenby, Co. E} Corp. William Goss.Co.H; 
James Strong, Co. A. 

XU»ing~ Lieuts. Duchanry (mot Tewksbury, 
M befora reported), Higginson, Carey and Davis. 
Assistant Surgeon Perry, of the 20th Massa- 
chusetts Regiment, accidentally broke one o 
bis legs to-day 



/ 



The 20th Mass. /404 

Editor National Tribune: Please give ' / 
a short sketch of the 20th Mass. — Law- 
rence Griffin, 276 Hudson Blvd., Union Co. Or 
Hill, N. J. 



The 20th Mass., one of the fighting 
regiments, was organized at Readville, 
from August to September, 1861, and 
after serving out two enlistments finally 
mustered out July 16, 1865. It was 
commanded by Cols. Wm. R. Lee, Fran- 
cis W. Palfrey, Paul Revere, and Geo. 
N. Macy, in succssion. The 20th lost' 
more in battle than any other Massa- 
chusetts regiment, sustaining a remark- 
able fatality in its field and staff. Gen. 
Humphreys spoke of it as "one of the 
very best regiments in the service." At 
Fredeicksburg it crossed the river in 
the face of the enemy's riflemen, who 
occupied buildings on the opposite bank. 
It was assigned the task of clearing the 
streets of that place and fought its 
way thru the main street amidst a 
shower of bullets. It lost in this fight 
25 killed and 138 wounded. At Gettys- 
burg it lost 127 out of 230, which it 
took into action. It took an active part 
in some 20 battles and was present at 
some 11 others. The 20th belonged to 
Gibbon's Division, Scond Corps, and lost 
260 killed and 149 from disease, etc. 
Its total of killed and wounded was 
944 and 63 of its members died in Con- 
federate prisons. — Editor National 
Tribune. 







T<~*. RECENT DEATHS 

HAD A GOOD CIVIL WAR RECORD 

Patrick Iiancrgan of Wakefield Fought 
In Several Important Battles 

Patrick Lanergan, a Civil War veteran, | 
and former assistant postmaster of 
Wakefield, died early this morning of 
heart disease at his home at 182 Vernon 
street, Wakefield, at the age of sixty- 
three. Enlisting on July 18, 1861, as a 
private in Company I of the Twentieth 
Massachusetts Volunteers, Lanergan 
served through the entire war, taking 
part in twenty-four battles, and he was 
wounded three times, once at Antietam, 
again at Gettysburg, and at Spottsylva- 
nia. He became corporal, sergeant, and 
finally first lieutenant of his company. 
On March 4, 1864, he regnlisted on the 
battlefield at Stephensburg. 

Some of the most important battles in 
which he took part, beside the engage- 
ments in which he was wounded, were: 
The battle of the Wilderness, of Freder- 
icksburg, Ball's Bluff Big Bethel, York- 
town, Peach Orchard, South Mountain, 
Chan'tilly, Two-Mile Creek, Williamsburg, 
Fair Oaks, White Oak Swamp, Strawber- 
ry Plain, Malvern Hill, Mine Run, Peters- 
burg, Deep Bottom, Ream's Station, Po 
River and Savage Station. 

From 1S95 to 1899 Mr. Lanergan acted 
as assistant postmaster of Wakefield un- 
der former Postmaster Thomas Hickey, 
and since then he has been an employee 
of the Charlestown Navy York. He was 
an active member of the Holy Name So- 
ciety of St. Joseph's Church. He is sur- 
vived by a widow. 



216 



GEMS Of WIT, WISDOM AND ELOQUENCE. 

THE CLASS OF 61. 

By JUSTICE OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES. 




■ mi a Speech Delivered -.ard Alumni Association. 

It has been my fortune to belong to two bodies 
that seem to me somewhat alike — the 20th 
regiment and the class of '61. The 20th never wrote 
about itself to the newspapers, but for its killed and 
wounded in battlr> it stood in the first half-dozen of 
all the regiments of the North. This little class never 
talked about itself, but, graduating just as the War 
of Secession was beginning, out of its 81 members it 
had 51 under arms, the largest proportion that any 
class sent to that 

We learn from time an amiable latitude with 
regard to beliefs and tastes. Life is painting a picture, 
not doing a sum. As 20 men of genius, looking out of the same window, 
will paint 20 canvases, each different from all the rest, and every one cor- 
rect, so am I apt to think men may be allowed the defects of their quali- 
ties if they have the qualities of their def< ail of us have our no- 
tions of what is best. I learned in the regiment and in the class the con- 
clusion at least of the conduct that I believe best for the country and for 
ourselves— -to see as far as one-may the great forces that are behind every 
detail, and to feel them, for that makes all the difference between phi- 
losophy and gossip, between great action and small. 

Man is born a predestined idealist, for he is born to act. To act is 
to affirm the worth of an end; to persist in affirming the worth of an end 
make an ideal. The stern experience of our youth confirmed the 
destiny of fate; it left us feeling through life that pleasures do not make 
happiness, and that the root at once of joy and beauty is to put out all 
one's powers to a great end. 

As one listens from above to the roar of a great city that comes to 
one's ear9, almost undistinguishable but there, the sound of church bells 
chiming the hours or offering a pause in the rush, a moment for withdrawal 
and prayer; commerce has outsoared the steeples that once looked down 
on the marts, but still their note makes music of the din. For those of 
us who are not churchmen the symbol still lives. Life is a roar of bargain 
and battle, but in the very heart of it there rises a mystic spiritual note 
that gives meaning to the vhole. It transmutes the dull details into 
romance, it reminds us that our only, but wholly adequate, significance is 
as parts of an imaginable whole; it suggests that even as we think we are 
egc!sts, we are living to ends outside ourselves. 



'/ZA~vct~ijt^- *4Uay/f,f'X 



br h;. «. i:\r.n \i. ( . 



AVIIITI ll.lt 



Died on Board the Mniirrlnnln, en 
Route to Liverpool 

ral ('har! who 

the Mauretania on 

lrd of 

■ nt by 
nn, at 
n, an- 

lantlc traveller and did not 
mak" up his mln . hours 

k Ha 
had b ilth. 

Ilr- whs born In Maine In 1840. His 
grandfather. Nathaniel Whit tier, was town 
clerk, selectman and held many other offices 
la the township of Vienna, Nathaniel 
Whtttier was a captain of militia in the 
J12. General Whlttler's parents 
Joseph Merrill Whtttier and Mary E. 
n. After graduating from Harvard 
the son entered the volunteer army. 
5 he was brevetted brigadier general. 
1 Whlttler was commissioned a lieu- 
tenant colo. at the 
.k of the - id went to 
Manila 

promoted io be brigadier general after the 
fall of Manila for Rallant e l was 

made collector of customs at that port after 

I Lilla Chadwlck and had lived 
247 Fifth ighter 

Pauline be 

dauglv -• rge Belos- 

lurg. 
General Whlttler was a member of the 
• n clubs o. 
and t: htan Club -,-ton. 



1. Died. 

Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Frederick Crocker, U. S. N., at Monte- 
video, Uruguay, S. A., February 3, 1911. 

Brevet Captain Henry M. Phillips, Second Lieutenant, 4th Massa- 
chusetts Cavalry, at Springfield, Mass., March 2, 1911. 

Lteutenant Colonel John W. Summerhayes, U. S. A., at Nantucket, 
Mass., March 8, 1911. 

Brevet Major Adin B. Capron, Ftrst Lteutenant, 2d Rhode Island 
Infantry, at Smithfield, R. L, March 17, 1911. 

Mr. Frank B. Parsons (Succession), at Boston, Mass., March 16, 1911. 



217 



ITED MEN AT HIS BIER 



Capt Magnitzky Given a 
Soldier's Funeral, 



Justice Holmes and Other Civil 
War Officers Among Mourners. 



Oliver Wendell Holmes of the U S su- 
preme court, a comrade of Capt Mag- 
nitzky in the war; Capt Charles H. 
Porter, recorder of the Loyal Legion; 
Gen Greenleaf Goodale, USA, retired, 
and president of the Hooker associa- 
tion; F. S3. Orcutt. supervisor of ac- 
counts of Massachusetts; James T. 
Lcatherbee, Gen Thomas R. Mathews, 
Dr John Dixwell, Col Arnold A. Rand 
Of the Loval Legion, Rev Henry Hink- 
ley, Gen N. P. Hallowell of the 20th 
Mass regt association, Ex-Senator 
Frank Seiberlich, a delegation of com- 
rades of the 20th Mass regt association, 
Loyal Legion and other military and 
civic organizations. 



The honor of a soldier's funeral was 
accorded Capt Gustave Magnitzky, civil 
war veteran, yesterday afternoon at 
the chapel in Forest Hills cemetery. 
The little stone building ws crowded 
with his comrades of the Loyal Legion, 
F. W. Kinsley post 113, G. A. R., rela- 
tives and other friends. 

Previous to tne services at the chapel 
there was a private service at the resi- 
dence at 127 Chestnut av, Jamaica 
Plain, conducted by his intimate friend, 
Mr Hoffman. 

The casKet, draped with a large silk 
flag, was borne into the chapel by Maj 
Edward T. Bouve and Capt E. B. Rol- 
lins, representing the Loyal j 
fington Garrison Reed and Oliver P. 
Ricker of E. \V. Kinsley post 113, G. A. 
R. On it rested wreaths of v white roses 
and white and purple asters. 

At the front of the pulpit platform 
were the stands of colors and emblems 
of the Loyal Legion. Surrounding the 
casket was a profusion of beautiful 
floral tributes from comrades of mili- 
tary organizations of which Capt Mag- 
nitzky wa a member, and from rela- 
tives and business associates and other 
friends. 

A civic service was conducted by Rev 
Edward Anderson of E. W, Kinsley 
post 113, G. A. R., which opened with 
the playing of the "Pilgrim's Chorus" 
from Tannhaeuser by the Boston 
Symphony horn quintet, composed of 
Max Hess, Albert Hackebath, Franz 
Hein, Carl Schumann and Carl Hampe. 

Rev Mr Anderson read from the 
scripture. The Schubert male quartet 
sang "Comrades in Arms." Rev Mr 
Anderson spoke in term of eulogy of 
his deceased comrade, saying his life 
story wa.s that of a good man and a 
brave soldier. He recited his war 
record and told how after the war he 
was called upon to nil a high posi- 
tion in the U S army and after, his 
retirement from the army rose to po- 
sitions of trust in civil life. 

Then the ritual of the G. A. R. was 
conducted by Acting Commander Oliver 
P. Ricker of Kinsley post. assiste3 by 
Rev Edward Anderson chaplain, and 
other officers. During this service the 
quartet sang "Call the Roll." The serv- 
ice ended with a selection by the horn 
quintet, "A Psalm," by Mendelssohn, 
and the sounding of taps by comrade 
John M. Flockton. 

Burial was in the family lot on Sam- 
bucus path, where taps was sounded. 

The ushers were Huntington Saville, 

Albert M. Chandler, Frank C. Chandler. 

Emll Haberstrah and Derby Lawrence. 

Among those present were Justice 






HAIJX)WFJ.L-At NorMebo. West Med- 
tord, April 11, Norwood Penroce Hallo- 
well, 75 yrs. Funeral services at 60 
Mystic st, West Medford, Tucadoy, at 
2:30 P M. Train loaves North Station 
at 2 o'clock. Friends are requested not 
to «end flowers. 



CAPTAIN MAGNITZKY 

To the Editor of the Transcript: 

I was expecting to stop and see Captain 
Magnitzky on going to town this week, 
when the telephone told me that he was 
dead. Our friendship has lasted for nearly 
fifty years. He was my First Sergeant 
when I commanded Company G. of the 
Twentieth Massachusetts in the Civil "War, 
he having recently come to this country 
from Polish Prussia and having gone into 
the army upon principle and because of 
his sympathy with the cause. We made 
many a heart-breaking march and were in 
many a battle together and his gallantry 
and efficiency gained him a commission in 
a regiment in which a sergeant had to be 
a fighting man to keep his chevrons and 
an unusual man to gain the bhoulder- 
straps. He became a captain and in some 
of the fierce days at the end of the war 
had the regiment under his command. Af- 
ter the war he attained the same rank in 
the regular army. When somewhat later I 
joined Shattuck & Munroe in the practice 
of the law he was already the managing 
man of the firm. In those days things 
were simpler than now. We had no type- 
writers or stenographers, but the captain 
did everything that we did not do in per- 
son. There as in the army he was invalu- 
able and he became one of the best-known 
figures in legal Boston. He remained with 
Shattuck & Munroe and then with Munroe 
after Mr. Shattuck's death and since that 
time has been with gentlemen who were 
with Munroe when he died. The Twentieth 
was a regiment that never talked much 
about itself but that stood In the first half 
dozen of all the regiments of the North for 
the number of killed and wounded in Its 
ranks. Quiet and steady under fire, quiet 
and effective in camp, modest, distinguished 
in bearing and soul, Captain Magnitzky 
was a type of the great regiment in which 
he served. He merits a larger memorial 
than this little wreath which one who 
loved him lays upon his grave. 

O. W. Holmes 
Boston, Sept. 20. 





Ca£c£n*GnWve MacnH.ufof /amaj- 
ca Plain Came Unscathed Thro„h 
Stirring Battle- of the Early Sixties 

Captain Gustave Magnitzky, who has 
died at his home 127 Chestnut avenue 
Jamaica Plain, at the age of seventy 
years, was born in Breslau Germany 
March 28, 1840. He was a retired officer 
of the United States Army, a member of 
the Army of the Potomac, was chancellor 
of the Military Order of the Loyal Le- 
gion a member of the Edward W. Kins- 
ley Post 113, G. A. R. and other societies. 
Captain Magnitzky served the entire 
four years of the Civil War with the 
Twentieth Massachusetts Volunteers and 
was the only surviving officer who went 
through the entire service with the regi- 
ment. He took part in all the engage- 
ments with the exception of the one at 
Reams's Station, and though he was 
wounded several times, he seemed 1 
bear a charmed life and always appeared 
on the field when the next fight was on. 

In the memorable campaign of G 1-3 ^ 1 
down through Virginia, twenty-one offi- 
cers of the Twentieth Regiment crossed 
the Rapidan on the 3d and 4th of May. 
1804. On the 17th of June, six weeks- 
later, three only of the twenty-one crossed 
the James River, and of these three, when 
finally across, Captain Magnitzky was the 
only one alive and he was woifnded. 

After the close of the, wai Captain 
Magnitzky received a commission as first 
lieutenant in the regular army of the 
United States and was stationed In com- 
mand of Fort Pike, near New Orleans, La. 
He was retired In 1871 and came back to 
Boston to live, where he oecame associa- 
ted with the late George O. Shattuck and 
continued during the next thirty-five 
years with the firm of Shattuck, Holmes 
& Munroe, Shattuck & Munroe and with 
William A Munroe, until his death in 
1905. . ,, 

One of the last things Captain Mag- 
nitzky undertook was to serve on the 
commission appointed by Governor 
Draper to select a site and monument 
for the Massachusetts regiments on the 
battlefield of Petersburg, Va. His dis- 
tinctively military bearing and his prom- 
inence in many lines of activity made him 
a well-known figure in Boston and he had 
many friends in all ranks and in all parts 
of the city. He was prominent in German 
societies and held office In several of 
them. He was on the State Republican 
delegations for several years. His wife, 
formerly Clara Louise Guternuth, two 
sons, Gustave F. and Albert L., and a 
daughter, Louise, survive him. 



When Quakers beat their plowshares into 
swords they make the most effective use 
of their swords. The late Colonel N. P. 
Hallowell was, like General Nathaniel 
Greene, a "fighting Quaker," having been 
born and reared a "Friend." His abolition 
convictions were so strong that they would 
not suffer him to give the cause of human 
(freedom, more, "pious aspirations*" He 
went the whole length of his convictions 
and exchanged the drab for the blue. He 
did more, for he possessed the same social 
swrage as Colonel Shaw and. toecai 

of a colored regiment at the time 
vhen to put negroes in uniform was 
many oi 



strange to us now that such officers should 
have been deemed in military circles "ec- 
centrics," but we live in 1914. and in the 
half-century that has elapsed since the 
Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts was raised the 
American world has learned and unlearned 
?. good deal. Colonel Hallowell did not re- 
gard the employment of colored soldiers as 
simply a successful expedient. He deemed 
it justice to their race, and he has recited 
with pride, as proving the progress of ne- 
groes under freedom, that the colored regi- 
ments raised by free States were regarded 
as superior to those recruited in the States 
then in rebellion. A brave soldier, who 
fought, not from love of lighting, but from 
love of a great cause, has gone to hia re 



218 



Norwood Penrose Hallowell, '61 



By Henry L. Higcinson, '55. 



IN our War of 
the Revolu- 
tion a stal- 
wart Quaker was 
a passenger on an 
American vessel 
which was attacked 
and hoarded by an 
English m a n - o f 
war crew. The 
Quaker said to one 
of the hoarders: 
"Friend, I cannot 
strike thee, hut I 
can drop thee into 
the water", and he 
did so. 

A Philadelphia 
Quaker family of 
our day reached 
the same result by 
sending to the Civ- 
il War two sons, 
one of them, Nor- 
wood Penrose Hal- 
lowell. He was 
one of six children 
horn to his father 
and mother, from 
whom he inherited 
fine traits of char- 
acter. He was a 
fair student in the 
class of 1861 at 
Harvard, and was 
at times mischie- 
vous or careless 
about some of 
the College regula- 
tions. When the 
Civil War broke 
out he was near his 
graduation, but 
could not live with- 
out enlisting in the 
great struggle, for 
he had been 




This photograph of Col. Hallowell was taken 
on Soldiers Field, June 23, 1911, as, carrying 
the '61 banner, he led the procession of gradu- 
ates to the Yale baseball game. It was the 
fiftieth aniversary of his class. 



brought up in a 
strong anti-slavery 
atmosphere. He 
was commissioned 
first lieutenant in 
the 20th Regiment 
of Massaelui 
Volunteers, a n d 

immediately after 
going to the front 
took part in the 
Battle of Ball's 
Bluff. In the 
dreadful retreat 
from that battle he 
distinguished him- 
self by bravery and 
resource. Having 
saved his own life 
by swimming to 
the island, he with 
others rigged a 
raft or boat and 
brought hack many 
men who could not 
swim. 

I le had gone out 
as a first lieuten- 
ant, was soon pro- 
moted to a captain- 
cy, and saw very 
hard service on the 
Peninsula during 
the campaign of 
[862, where his 
regiment did fine 
service and suff- 
ered terribly. At 
Antietam the 20th 
Regiment was in 
the great attack on 
the Confederate 
centre, and met a 
severe Confederate 
fire which drove 
back Sumner's 
corps~ Hallowell 



219 



HARVARD ALUMNI BULLETIN 



465 



was severely wounded, and suf- 
fered throughout life from his in- 
jury. Presently he was commis- 
sioned lieutenant colonel in the 54th 
Regiment of Massachusetts Volun- 
teers (colored) of which Robert Shaw 
was colonel. Before leaving Massa- 
chusetts he was commissioned colonel of 
the 55th Regiment of Massachusetts 
Volunteers (colored) and went to the 
front with that regiment, doing excellent 
service. But his wound had exhausted 
his strength, and he was forced to re- 
sign in the autumn of 1863, having done 
his utmost to save his country from ruin. 

Since the War he has been a hard- 
working wool-broker and dealer, a rail- 
road director, and. later for many years 
an admirable bank-president, who has 
thought, dreamt and lived for his bank 
and for his stockholders. 

In all these years since 1863 he has 
striven, as a good, devoted husband, 
father and citizen, to build up his coun- 
try, and has raised a quiverful of chil- 
dren. He has championed the full rights 
of fellow-citizens, white and black, has 
spoken his mind fully and freely when- 
ever occasion required, and above all has 
lived simply and bravely as a high-spirit- 
ed, high-minded gentleman. 

To Harvard men he was especially 
warm and hearty in his greeting, and 
never failed to talk, to march, to romp 
with the students, with old men, young 
men, boys and girls. 

In business circles he kept an open 
mind and a high sense of integrity, and 
he always had a mind of his own about 
every transaction. 

One of his friends and comrades, who 
marched with him, said yesterday : "He 
was as gallant an officer and gentleman 
as I ever have seen;" and that word 
''gallant" especially fitted him. Always 
cheerful, often gay, full of courage, sym- 
pathizing — he, with his tall, fine figure 
and handsome, pleasant face, will long 
linger in the memory of our people. 

In his delightful home, with his three 
sons and three daughters, and his grand- 



children about him, and with a noble 
wife who warmed and brightened all 
their lives as she brooded over them, he 
has enriched our community, and has 
left a happy memory. What more can 
any of us wish for? 



COL. HALLOWELL'S RECORD 

Col. Norwood Penrose Hallowell, '61, 
died at his home in West Medford, 
Mass., on Saturday, April 11, after a 
brief attack of pneumonia. 

Col. Hallowell was born in Phila- 
delphia, April 13, 1839, the son of Mor- 
ris Longstreet and Hannah (Penrose) 
Hallowell. His people were Quakers, 
and he studied for two years at Haver- 
ford College before going to Harvard; 
he entered at Cambridge in the fall of 
1857 and graduated in the class of 1861. 
The Civil War broke out before the end 
of his College course, and he at once en- 
listed. From April 25 to June 10, 1861, 
he was in the Fourth Battalion, New 
England Guards (infantry), Maj. Thomas 
G. Stevenson, stationed at Fort Inde- 
pendence, Boston Harbor, but he took 
his final examinations with his class, and 
delivered the oration on Class Day. 

On June 10, 1861, he was commis- 
sioned first lieutenant in the 20th Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers, and on September 
24 went with his regiment to the front. 
He took part in the battle of Ball's 
Bluff, October 21, 1861. He was com- 
missioned captain on November 26, 1861. 
He was engaged at the siege of York- 
town, was under fire at West Point, 
in action at Fair Oaks and at 
Savage's Station and was wounded at 
Glendale. He was in the battle of Mal- 
vern Hill, subsequently took part in a 
reconnaissance from Harrison's Land- 
ing to that place, was in the third line of 
battle at Chantilly, and at Antietam, 
September 17, 1862, received a severe 
wound which kept him on the hospital 
or invalid list during the following fall 
and winter. 

On April 17, 1863, he was commis- 



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V%r ^ V -j^ j,„ mB ~„* t „,« ,p.idencc. l»l *)* ' ^ 






I EIR&ON At his resl 

'■ 'Ma ■ . 

Marlboro streets, on Tuesday. 
at 12 o'clock. 



Jan. 




SOUND TAPS FOR GEN. PEIRSON 

Professor James H. Ropes of Harvard Con- 
ducts Services for His Distinguished 
Uncle at First Church in Back Bay 

Military honors were paid General 

Charles Lawrence Peirson this noon at 

the First Church. Back Bay. where , the 

services were conducted by p ™ fess0 J 

James H. Ropes of Harvard, who is a 

Sew of the deceased. The music was 

by thT regular quartette of the church. 

Sth John K. Marshall at the 6rgar, 

The hymns were "How Happy Is 

Born and Taught" and 'For All the 

Saints" Before the body was borne 

from the church. Atlle Latham o the 

First Corps of Cadets played the Lost 

Chord" and sounded taps. 

In the chancel were numerous symbols 
of the military associations of General 
Peirson. There were the flags of the 
Nation and State, the colors of the 
Loyal Legion and other military bodies. 
W hile stretched across the old choir en- 
closure, at the left, was the flag of the 
Society of the Cincinnati. Presen a 
the funeral were members of the van 
ous military bodies and social clubs to 
v^hich General Peirson belonged^ includ- 
ing several of the old 39th Regiment 
and the Salem Light Infantry. 

Those acting as ushers were Theodore 
TvTrln Jameses. Russell. Rodolphe Agas- 
?M H Richardson, E. P. Bichardson 
and G. E. Benson, all nephews of Gen- 
eral Peirson; and R. H. Stevenson. The 
bur'af eventually will be in Forest Hills 
Cemetery. 






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&(±> 1 



JUSTICE HOLMES 
KEENASEVERAT83 

Birthday Finds Son of Auto- 
crat in Fine Health 



tk. 

I Crt*' WASHINGTON, March 8 — Capt. 
/ Oliver "Wendell Holmes, a justice of 

the United States supreme court, is S3 
years old today. He is in excellent 
health, and his associates, -who today 
vie with one another in felicitating: him, 
say that mentally he is as keen as ever. 



f at Antletam. and he again was wounded 
I at. Predericksburg - . , 

Despite these experiences, his extra- 
ordinary constitution pulled him 
through, and he resumed his studies. 
Following his LL. D„ in 1S66, came bril- 
liant progress as a lawyer and law stu- 
dent. He has been fhonored by many 
universities, including BerHn and Ox- 
ford. He edited the 12th edition of 
"Kent's Commentaries," taught law at 
Harvard, and even now Is engaged with 
his writings. 

His career as a judge began .In 1882, 
when he became an associate justice of 
the supreme court of Massachusetts, be- 
ing- made chief justice in 1899. Three 
years later he was named to the United 
States supreme bench. 

He married Miss Fanny Dixwell In 
1872. 



Justice Holmes, son of Dr. Oliver 
■Wendell Holmes, was born in Boston 
in 1811, and when 20 received his 
A. B. at Harvard. He was one of the 
first to volunteer in '61, being a lieuten- 
ant in the 20th Massachusetts regiment. 
Valor and merit advanced him during 
his long service — almost four years — to 
be lieutenant-colenel, and he was re- 
tired with the rank of captain. He was 
thrice wounded, twice severely— first 
at the battle of Ball's Bluff, on Oct. 
21, 1861, when his breast was opened; 
the next fall he was shot in the neck 




GENERAL A. R. CURTIS 



Brigadier General Arthur R. Curtis, 
eighty-two years old, one of the few sur- 
viving generals of the Civil War, died at 
the National Soldiers' Home in Milwaukee 
i today. A Harvard graduate. General Cur- 
tis enlisted at President Lincoln's first call 
for volunteers. His daring under fire soon 
won him a commission, and rapid promo- 
tion followed. 

He won a meritorious service decoration 
while in command of a brigade in the bat- 
tle of the Wilderness. The general went 
to Milwaukee thirteen years ago because of 
ill-health. For nine years he was the 
Home postmaster, but for three years had 
been in the hospital. He Is survived by 
his wife, Mrs. Anna Curtis, librarian at the 
Home. 

, General Curtis will be burled with full 
military honors Friday. 



/d^U^H 



xc 



Ity, Nov. IB. Martha Derby 
Perry, wife of Dr. John G. Perry, and 
daughter of the late John Rogers of Boston 
and Sarah mien Derby of Salem, in her 80th. 
year. Funeral private. 



PERRY— Tn this city, Dec. 1. Dr John r S r„ 
n-r Perry, in his 87th year. Funeral se^Jf' 
Private. New York City papers" please *t ** 



jjxr 



YORK S 



j Dr. John Gardner Perry Dies at His 
Boston Home, 371 Commonwealth Av- 
enue 

Dr. John Gardner Perry, for many 
years a distinguished surgeon in New 
York, died last night at his home, 371 
Commonwealth avenue, this city, where 
he lived since his retirement, twenty 
years ago. He was in his eighty-seventh 
year. Dr. Perry served as a surgeon 
throughout the Civil War, and becami 
widely known through the publication of 
his book, "Letters from a Soldier," a 
collection of what he wrote to his wife 
during the war. He was born in Bos- 
ton and studied at Harvard, from which 
he was graduated in the class of '60, and 
from the Medical School in '63. His 
father was a Boston physician and Dr. 
Perry practised in New York before and 
alter the Civil War. He leaves one sis- 
ter, Miss Abbie Perry, who lives at the 
Charlesgate Hotel. 



'1 



900 



Noted Mllltarr Knglnerr 
Major General Oswald Herbert Ernst, U. 
S. A., retired, died at his home In Washing- 
ton last night after a heart attack. Funeral 
arrangements have not been completed. 

Oswald Herbert Ernst was born In Cin- 
cinnati June 27, 1842, the son of Andrew 
Henry and Sarah Otis Ernst. He attended 
Harvard from 1858-60 and graduated from 
West Point In 1804. He "married Elizabeth 
Amory, the daughter of W. R. T.r-p nf Rot- 
bury In 1800. He rose from first lieutenant 
in the engineers to captain, th«»n major, 
lieutenant colonel, 'brigadier general and In 
1010 was made a major general. 

During his career he^served as Assis- 
tant engineer on fortification of the Tad- 
Ac coast, astronomer with U. S. Commis- 
sion to dbserve solar ecpllse In Spain, In- 
structor of engineering at West Point, 
head of Western River Improvement* 
and deepening of Oalveston harbor, 
director of public buildings and grounds, 
Washington, superintendent West Point, 
member of Isthmian Canal Commis- 
sion, president of Isthmian Canal Com- 
mission, and director of the Panama 
Railroad. He was a member of the Loyal 
Legion. Military Order of Foreign Wars, 
(he served In war with Spain, commanding 
the troops of Coamo), American Society of 
Civil Engineers, and the Metropolitan and 
Chevy Chase clubs. He was also the- au- 
tnor of the Manual of Practical Military 
Engineering. 



■/v/ x/>^4u<u. X*o 



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THE TtOSTONHER ALP, THI 



REFUSES TO ISSUE SACCO WRIT 






9^^ 


















<f+4+*.tU* t fa+j.iujh 


I ^ 



z (Associated Ptbm Photo) 

Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes of the United States supreme 
court before whom counsel for defense applied for a writ of 

habeas corpus. 



Judge Holmes' Decision 

In His Own Handwriting 

Unusual Document Is Filed in the United 
States Court at Boston to Complete the 
Records 

It is an incident in this case likely to 
be commented upon in court history that 
the decision of Justice Oliver Wendell 
Holmes of the United States Supremo 
Court, denying the Sacco-Vanzetti peti- 
tion for a writ of habeas corpus goes on 
the records of the Federal Court in Bos- 
ton in Judge Holmes's own handwriting. 
Judge Holmes wrote the whole decision 
with pen and ink when called upon at 
his summer home on the North Shore by 
Arthur D. Hill of the counsel for the de- 
fendants It is a firm and flowing hand- 
writing of closely knitted small letters, 
with one word crossed out, and was 
penned with a coarse pen. The lines ar« 
amiost perfectly straight and close to- 
gether. In no respect does the documen 
fuggest its author's age of eighty 



rfW/Wtr 



HARVARD ALUMNI BULLETIN 



375 



U+^+a a&~^d«4^.' Sh *-- x *> , f*7- 



Letters of Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes 



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HARVARD men generally are famili- 
ar with the fact that Oliver Wendell 
Holmes, '61, LL.B. '66, LL.D. (hon.) 
'95, who has just completed his 25th year 
as a Justice of the United States Supreme 
Court, is a veteran of the Civil War, and 
older graduates will recall that he fought 
in many of its most important battles and 
was repeatedly wounded. "My Hunt af- 
ter 'the Captain'," one of the best known 
papers written by Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
class of 1828, M.D. 1836, the father of 
Mr. Justice Holmes, is the account of the 
father's search for his son after the latter 
had been severely wounded at Antietam. 
It is hardly exaggeration to say that this 
narrative has become a classic in America. 
During the progress of the war Dr. 
Holmes had many anxious hours about his 
son, who was such a favorite target for 
Confederate bullets, and it was not 
strange that the father, in his private cor- 
respondence, adverted more than once to 
the military experiences of the soldier, 
then in his early twenties, now the emin- 
ent jurist. Two letters in which Dr. 
Holmes told his friends about his son's 
injuries have come into the possession 
of J. E. Zanetti, '06, Professor of Chem- 
istry at Columbia University, who has 
lent them to the Bulletin. One is 
addressed to Frederick S. Cozzens, Esq., 
73 Warren St., New York City; the ad- 
dressee of the other is unknown, but he 
was apparently a New York dealer in pho- 
tographs, etc. 

Dr. Holmes's letter to Mr. Cozzens, 
dated May 24th, 1863, was written sub- 
sequent to the publication of "My Hunt 
after 'the Captain' " in the Atlantic 
Monthly and soon after the soldier had 
been wounded at Fredericksburg. The 
letter to the unknown correspondent was 
written a little while after the battle of 
Antietam. The former letter has probab- 
ly never been published; it does not appear 
in Morse's volumes of Dr. Holmes's cor- 



respondence, and Mr. Justice Holmes had 
never seen it until a former private sec- 
retary sent him a photostat copy. Profes- 
sor Zanetti discovered the original, bound 
in a first edition of Dr. Holmes's "Sound- 
ings from the Atlantic," published in 
Boston in 1864 by Ticknor & Fields. 

The letter to Mr. Cozzens, dated, May 
24th, 1863, is here given: 

"My dear Cozzens: 

"Many thanks for your kind attention 
in forwarding the Surgeon General's Or- 
der. I read it with great pleasure which 
was not at all diminished by the circum- 
stance you mentioned. Happening in at 
my venerable old friend and connection's, 
Dr. James Jackson's this evening and 
mentioning the Order to him, I found that 
he was of the same opinion as Dr. Ham- 
mond about the relative amount of good 
and mischief done by these powerful (il- 
legible) in the hands of average surgeons 
such as make up the mass of the Army 
practitioners. I shall write a few lines 
to Dr. Hammond giving my opinion of 
the local and truly scientific movement he 
has begun to carry out on a large scale. It 
will have an immense effect on medical 
practice everywhere, coming as it does with 
certainty from a source which must com- 
mand attention and respect. 

"I thank you, too, for your pleasant 
words about my boy, 'The Captain' of my 
Atlantic narrative. He has had singular 
escapes to be sure. Five times hit. 1. 
Knocked down at Ball's Bluff by spent 
ball in the stomach. 2. Shot through heart, 
in directly over heart, out over right nip- 
ple. 3d. At Antietam through neck, with- 
in an inch or so of middle line; 4th at 
Fredericksburgh, the other day, his knap- 
sack supporter knocked to pieces, as he lay 
in front of a battery. 5th at next discharge 
but one, a bullet from a spherical case 
buried in his heel bone, from the outer 
side. This last wound will keep him 






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Letter to Mr. Cozzens. 



HARVARD ALUMNI BULLETIN 





225 











377 



.quiet for a while, but probably not leave 

any permanent lameness. He lies on a 

couch and receives lots of pretty company, 

is verv jolly and does not seem to think 

much about his past exposures. Wounds of 

the bone are slow affairs and the war may 

lave changed its aspect before he is on his 

foot again. He read your letter with great 

iatisf action. ( Three lines crossed out, 

vritten over them.) This is a muddle — 

[ mixed up a request in another letter with 

'ours. I don't think he values himself so 

nuch for his military adventures, though 

le has reallv been brave and faithful, as 

illegible) powers and tastes which he is 

laving a chance to cultivate just now. 

5 erhaps you would like a photograph of 

he 'Boy' (At 22 standing six feet and 

>ver in his military shoes) at any rate I 

vill send you one. 

"I am going to write our Haletown 4th 

M>f July Oration when you will see my 

molitics and I hope weigh philosophically. 

"Very sincerely yours 

"OWH." 



The other letter, dated, Oct. 1st, 1862, 
s worthy of attention not only because of 
ts allusions to Mr. Justice Holmes, as he 
now is, but also because it discloses the 
fact that Dr. Holmes was greatly inter- 
sted in the stereoscope. The present gen- 
eration probably does not know what a 
tereoscope is, but for many years almost 
jvery family in the country had one of 
these devices and a collection of photo- 
graphs to be used with it. The stereoscope 
was, in brief, a little contrivance consist- 
ng of an eye-shade and a holder for a 
photograph made up of duplicates, placed 
ide by side, which the human eye com- 
bined into one image as they were seen 
through the lenses of the stereoscope. In 
the letter here referred to, Dr. Holmes 
lamented the fact that he had seen very 
few new photographs — when prepared 
for the stereoscope they are known a 
"stereographs" — and admitted that he was 
"famishing for a view of new ones." 
That letter read as follows: 



"My dear Sir, 

"I was absent in search of my son, 
wounded in the recent great battle of 
Antietam when your very acceptable pres- 
ent of the two fine stereographs arrived. 
Last Saturday evening, Sunday and until 
8 A. M. I was in New York with him, 
but alas! as when I was there with him 
after Ball's Bluff, I found your establish- 
ment closed and could not have the pleas- 
ure of visiting it in person. I hope very 
sincerely that I shall be able some time or 
other to call upon you and thank you for 
many favors, as well as indulge myself 
in the examination of your collection. 

"Very few new pictures come to Bos- 
ton in these times and I am famishing for 
a view of new ones. A few that I have 
received of instantaneous views in Paris 
are interesting, as are some of interiors of 
French churches. But I have seen no il- 
lustrations of walking equal to your Broad- 
way and crowd dispersing after the re- 
gatta. 

"Begging you will excuse my involun- 
tary delay and assuring you again of my 
grateful sense of your kindness. I am 
"Very truly yours, 

"O. W. Holmes." 

A search of Dr. Holmes's works has 
brought forth proof that the distinguished 
physician, teacher, and writer himself in- 
vented a form of the stereoscope. This 
information is contained in a little pamph- 
let, the "History of the American Stereo- 
scope," a reprint of an article which Dr. 
Holmes wrote for the Philadelphia Pho- 
tographer in January, 1869. Dr. Holmes 
did not claim that the basic idea of his 
stereoscope was original, but his apparatus 
had a new application of lenses which was 
subsequently patented. He found no little 
difficulty in placing his invention in the 
hands of a manufacturer, even as a gift. 
Dr Holmes's amusing story of his efforts 
to give away his invention follows: 

"The simple stereoscope was not con- 
structed by accident, but was the carrying 
out of a plan to reduce the instrument to 



JMNI BULLETIN 



379 



' 'No prophet is accepted in his own 
country,' I said with pious resignation. 
'Let us try our very good friends, the 
noted opticians of Chestnut Street, Phila- 
delphia.' So on my next visit to that city, 
I showed my pattern there, and offered 
it freely and without price, but they 
looked at it as if they were bachelors too, 
and this was the twin of the other baby, 
on their doorstep. 

"I had received many polite attentions 

from members of a great photographic 

house in Broadway, New York, and, as 

i I was returning through that city, I 

r thought it would only be fair to offer 




Dr. Holmes's Stereoscope. 

them a chance to repeople the world with 
my improved breed of stereoscopes. Noth- 
ing could be more polite than the way in 
which they treated me, but I might as well 
have offered my stereoscope to an under- 
taker for a smile of welcome, as to these 
great dealers, generous and excellent peo- 
ple as they are. 

"Not far from their establishment, was 
another of some pretentions, at which I 
made one last trial. On entering: the 
salesroom, I saw a young gentleman smok- 
ing a cigar with such evident enjoyment, 
that I felt quite ashamed of myself for 
interrupting him on a mere matter of 
business. I bought a picture or two of 
him, however, and then brought out mv 
stereoscope and began, in a modest way, to 
explain its advantages and its commercial 
possibilities. It was to a voung Briton, 
I found, that I was addressing mvself, 



227 



Sofa. ru~**jt, sj^\ ( qi~± rf i ]** 



W. K. Castle, Jr., 
at Old North 
on April 18 

Assistant Secretary of State 
Will Give Patriotic Ad- 
dress in Evening 



WBET to Broadcast 



Edward Revere Little, De- 
scendant of Paul Revere, 
• to Hang Lanterns 



William R. Castle, Jr., chief of the 
division of western European Affairs, 
Department of State, Washington, will 
give the address at the patriotic service 
to be held at eight o'clock Wednesday 
evening at the Old North Church in 
Salem street. After the address and a 
brief religious service by the rector, Arch- 
deacon Dennen, Edward Revere Little, 
great, great, great-grandson of Paul Re- 
vere, will take two lanterns from the 
chancel and, after carrying them to the 
tower, will hang them there, that their 




Hon. W. R. Castle, Jr. 

: beams may shine out as did those in 1775, j 
when Paul Revere made his; memorable | 
ride to warn the countryside of the ap- 
proach of the British soldi 



Edward Revere Little, who lives in ' 
Brookline, is sixteen years old and the ' 
eldest son of Dr. Clarence C. Little, presi- ' 
dent of the University of Michigan, 
ward Little's grandparents were James 
L. Little and Mary Robbins Revere. His 
great-grandfather was Edward W. R. 
Revere, assistant surgeon of the Massa- 
chusetts Twentieth Regiment, who was 
killed at the Battle of Antietam. 

This patriotic service at the Old North, 
on the eve of April 19, has been held for 
a number of years, and seats are re- 




Edward Revere Little 

served for the pew-owners until the be- 
ginning of the service. 

Mr. Castle's talk will be broadcast by 
lor* WBET. 





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Boston Lavs Down the U. S. 



Supreme Court Law for a Day 




faJZ*- Uri^u* $*-A4. M*"tAJ!> /St/a 

f 



(Acme) 

Jwsfiee Oliver Wendell Holme* (left), the Oldest Member of the United 
ytotes Supreme Court, Is Here Seen Leaving the Court Building in Wash- 
ington With Justice Louis I). Brandeis, Also Well Known In Massaehu- 
Mtts, an<l for Years Was in Eminent Practice in Boston. 

Justire Holmes Was Born in 7 his City on March B, 184 1, and Was Appointed 
fo fV ' fate* Supreme Court by President Roosevelt. lie Took HU 

December 8, 1902. 



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